Table of Contents

  • GŌZIHR

    D. N. Mackenzie

    the Middle Persian development of an old Iranian compound adjective *gau-čiθra-, recorded in the Younger Avesta in the form gaočiθra-, as an epithet of the moon, “bearing the seed, having the origin of cattle” (or, “the ox”).

  • ḠOZZ

    Peter B. Golden, C. Edmund Bosworth

    a significant Turkic tribe in western Eurasia in the 5th century.

  • GRAND LODGE OF IRAN

    Cross-Reference

    See FREEMASONRY, iii-iv.

  • GRANICUS

    Ernst Badian

    river (mod. Kocabaş Çay) flowing into the Sea of Marmara.

  • GRANT DUFF, Sir EVELYN MOUNTSTUART

    Denis Wright

    (b. 1863; d. Bath, 1926), British diplomat serving successively in Rome, Tehran, St. Petersburg, Stockholm, Berlin, then London.

  • GRANT, Captain NATHANIEL PHILIP

    Denis Wright

    (b. New York, 1774; k. Ḵorramābād, 1810), a military officer of the East India Company.

  • GRANTOVSKIĬ, EDVIN ARVIDOVICH

    Mohammad Dandamayev

    Grantovskiĭ specialized in the history of ancient Iranian tribes (especially the Medes, Persians and Scythians) and their civilizations. His research was based on Akkadian and Urartian inscriptions, Iranian texts of various periods, and classical sources as well as on the data and evidence of archaeology, ethnography, and folklore.

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  • GRAPES

    Cross-Reference

    See ANGŪR.

  • GRAPHIC ARTS

    Mortażā Momayyez, Peter Chelkowski

    Broadly speaking, graphic art and design have a long history in Persia; their antecedents can be seen in graphic motifs and patterns on ancient clay and metal vessels, stone reliefs, seals, brickwork, glazed tiles, plaster and wood carvings, cloths, carpets, marquetry, miniature paintings, calligraphy, and illumination of manuscripts.

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  • GRAY, BASIL

    John Michael Rogers

    Gray's initiation into eastern art, for which there was then no provision at any British university, came in 1928, when he worked for a season on the excavations at the great palace of the Byzantine emperors in Constantinople, followed by study in Vienna under Josef Strzygowski, who was, however, already sunk deep in diffusionism.

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