Table of Contents

  • GUNPOWDER

    Cross-Reference

    See BĀRUT.

  • GUNS, GUNNERY

    Cross-Reference

    See BĀRUT; FIREARMS.

  • GUR

    Cross-Reference

    See ARDAŠIR ḴORRA, FIRUZĀBĀD.

  • ḠUR

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    a region of central Afghanistan, essentially the modern administrative province (welāyat) of Ḡōrāt.

  • GUR-E AMIR

    Cross-Reference

    See SAMARQAND.

  • GUR-E DOḴTAR

    cross-reference

    See BOZPĀR.

  • GURĀN

    Pierre Oberling

    a tribe dwelling in the dehestān of Gurān, between Qaṣr-e Širin and Kermānšāh (Bāḵtarān), in Kurdistan.

  • GURĀNI

    D. N. Mackenzie

    comprises a group of similar North-west Iranian dialects which includes that of Kandula, 25 miles north-north-west of Kermānšāh, and Bāǰalānī, in the region around Zohāb and Qaṣr-e Šīrīn, with an offshoot among the Šabak, Ṣārlī, and Bāǰalān (Bēǰwān) villages east of the city of Mosul in Iraq.

  • GURDZIECKI, BOGDAN

    Rudi Matthee

    known in Persia as Bohtam Beg; Polish envoy of Georgian-Armenian origin and first permanent Polish resident in Safavid Persia (d. Moscow, 1700).

  • ḠURIĀN

    Cross-Reference

    See FUŠANJ.

  • GURKHAN

    Cross-Reference

    See QARA ḴETĀY; CENTRAL ASIA; TITLE OF RULERS.

  • GURUMU

    Cross-Reference

    See BĒṮ GARMĒ.

  • GUŠA

    Jean During

    lit. "corner" or "part"; a term in Persian music designating a unit of melody of variable importance, which occupies a special place in the development of one of the twelve modal systems (dastgāh or āvāz).

  • GUSAN

    Cross-Reference

    See EPICS.

  • GUSFAND

    Jean-Pierre Digard

    sheep, ovine.

  • GUŠYĀR GILĀNI, ABU’L-ḤASAN B. LABBĀN

    David Pingree

    Arabicized Kušyār; an astronomer and mathematician from Gilān, whence his nesba Jili/Gilāni (fl. late 10th-early 11th cent.).

  • GUTIANS

    Marc Van De Mieroop

    name used in ancient Mesopotamian texts to refer to a variety of people, mostly from the Zagros mountain area.

  • GUTSCHMID, HERMANN ALFRED FREIHERR VON

    Ronald E. Emmerick

    (b. Loschwitz near Dresden, 1831; d. Tübingen, 1887), classical scholar and ancient historian with a special interest in the Ancient Near East.

  • GÜYÜK KHAN

    Peter Jackson

    (r. 1246-48), Mongol great khan (qaḡan), given posthumously the regnal title Ting-tsung.

  • GUZAŠTAG ABĀLIŠ

    Cross-Reference

    See ABĀLIŠ.