Table of Contents

  • GOLSORḴI, ḴOSROW

    Maziar Behrooz

    (1943-1974), poet and revolutionary figure whose defiant stand during his televised show trial, and subsequent execution by firing squad in 1974, enshrined his place in the cultural and political history of modern Persia.

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  • GŌMAL

    Shah Mahmoud Hanifi

    or Gōmāl:  a sub-province (woloswāli) and village in Paktiā province, eastern Afghanistan; a river originating in the Ḡazni province and flowing southeast through the Wazirestān tribal agency and  the North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan; and a passage linking the eastern foothills of the Solaymān mountain range with the Indus plains.

  • GOMBROON

    Cross-Reference

    See BANDAR-e ʿABBĀS(Ī).

  • GOMBROON WARES

    Cross-Reference

    See CERAMICS; ČĪNĪ.

  • GŌMĒZ

    Mary Boyce

    cow's urine.

  • GOMIŠĀN

    Cross-Reference

    a district in Golestān Province. See GORGĀN.

  • GONĀBĀD

    Minu Yusuf-Nežād

    a town and a sub-province (šahrestān) in the province of Khorasan.

  • GONĀBĀDI ORDER

    Hamid Algar

    an offshoot of the Neʿmat-Allāhi Sufi order, still active in Persia.

  • GONĀBĀDI, ʿEMĀD-AL-DIN MOḤAMMAD

    Shiro Ando

    or Jonābādi, b. Zayn-al-ʿĀbedin b. Neẓām-al-Din Moḥammad (b. 1415), Timurid financial officer and vizier.

  • GONĀBĀDI, Mirzā ABU’L-QĀSEM QĀSEMI

    Cross-Reference

    poet. See QĀSEMI Gonābādi, Mirzā Abu’l-Qāsem.

  • GONĀBĀDI, MOḤAMMAD PARVIN

    Cross-Reference

    Persian scholar and translator. See PARVIN GONĀBĀDI.

  • GONBAD -E ʿALAWIĀN-E Hamadān

    Cross-Reference

    See HAMADĀN, vii. MONUMENTS.

  • GONBĀD-E KĀVUS

    Cross-Reference

    See GONBAD-E QĀBUS.

  • GONBAD-E QĀBUS

    E. Ehlers, M. Momeni, and EIr, Habib-Allāh Zanjāni, Sheila S. Blair

    (now referred to officially as Gonbad-e Kāvus) is the administrative center of the sub-province (šahrestān) of the same name and the urban center of the Turkman tribal area in northern Persia. It is named after its major monument, a tall tower that marks the grave of the Ziyarid ruler Qābus b. Vošmgir (r. 978-1012).

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  • GONBAD-E SORḴ

    Marcus Milwright

    the “Red Tomb,” completed on 4 March 1148, the earliest of five medieval mausolea located in Marāḡa in Azerbaijan. It combines elements of the two common forms of Islamic Iranian monumental tomb, the domed cube, and the conically-roofed circular or polygonal tower. 

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  • GONDĒŠĀPUR

    A. Shapur Shahbazi, Lutz Richter-Bernburg

    in the Sasanian epoch, Gondēšāpur was one of the four major cities of Ḵuzestān, the other three being Karḵa, Susa, and Šuštar. The extensive irrigation systems developed there by the early Sasanians were probably aimed at supplying a large population.

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  • GONDOPHARES

    A. D. H. Bivar

    Indo-Parthian king (20-46 C.E.) in Drangiana, Arachosia, and especially in the Punjab.

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  • GŌR

    Cross-Reference

    the historical name for present-day Firuzābād in Fārs. See ARDAŠIR ḴORRA; FIRUZĀBĀD.

  • GŌRĀN

    Cross-Reference

    a tribe in Kurdistan. See GURĀN.

  • GORĀN, ʿABD-ALLĀH SOLAYMĀN

    Keith Hitchins

    (1904-62), the leading Kurdish poet of the twentieth century.