Table of Contents

  • GOLŠAN

    Nassereddin Parvin

    cultural magazine published in the early days of 1917 in Tehran by Sayyed Reżā Yazdi “Amir Reżwāni” (d. 1936), first twice a week and from its sixth year three times a week.

  • GOLŠAN ALBUM

    Kambiz Eslami

    or Moraqqaʿ-e golšan; a sumptuous 17th-century album of paintings, drawings, calligraphy, and engravings by Mughal, Persian, Deccani, Turkish, and European artists in the Golestān Palace Library, Tehran.

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  • GOLŠAN DEHLAVI, Shah SAʿD-ALLĀH

    Moinuddin Aqeel

    b. Ḵᵛāja Moḥammad-Saʿid (1664-1728), Naqšbandi Sufi and prolific poet in Persian with the pen name (taḵallosá) Golšan.

  • GOLŠAN-E MORĀD

    John R. Perry

    a history of the Zand Dynasty (1751-94) by Mirzā Moḥammad Abu’l-Ḥasan Ḡaffāri.

  • GOLŠAN-E RĀZ

    Hamid Algar

    lit. "The Rose Garden of Mysteries"; a concise didactic matnawi in a little over a thousand distichs on the key terms and concepts of Sufism, which has for long served as a principal text of theoretical mysticism in the Persian-speaking and Persian-influenced world.

  • GOLŠANI ṢĀRUḴĀNI

    Tahsin Yazici

    a 15th-century Turkish poet who also wrote in Persian.

  • GOLŠANĪ, EBRĀHIM

    Tahsin Yazici

    b. Moḥammad b. Ebrāhim b. Šehāb-al-Din (d. 1534), Sufi poet and the founder of the Golšaniya branch of the Ḵalwati Sufi order.

  • GOLŠANI, MOḤYI MOḤAMMAD

    Tahsin Yazici

    b. Fatḥ-Allāh b. Abi Ṭāleb (1528/29-1606/7), scholar and author in Persian and Turkish and inventor of an artificial language.

  • GOLŠEHRI, SOLAYMĀN

    Cross-Reference

    Sufi and poet in Turkish and Persian. See GÜLŠEHRI.

  • GOLŠIRI, Hušang

    Ḥasan Mirʿābedini and EIr

    (b. Isfahan, 1938; d. Tehran, 2000), novelist who explored new literary techniques. He received the Lillian Hellman and Dashiell Hammett award (1997) via the Human Rights Watch Organization and was awarded the Osnabrück Peace prize (1999) from the Erich Maria Remarque Foundation for his defense of freedom of speech.

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  • GOLSORḴI, ḴOSROW

    Maziar Behrooz

    (1943-1974), poet and revolutionary figure whose defiant stand during his televised show trial, and subsequent execution by firing squad in 1974, enshrined his place in the cultural and political history of modern Persia.

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  • GŌMAL

    Shah Mahmoud Hanifi

    or Gōmāl:  a sub-province (woloswāli) and village in Paktiā province, eastern Afghanistan; a river originating in the Ḡazni province and flowing southeast through the Wazirestān tribal agency and  the North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan; and a passage linking the eastern foothills of the Solaymān mountain range with the Indus plains.

  • GOMBROON

    Cross-Reference

    See BANDAR-e ʿABBĀS(Ī).

  • GOMBROON WARES

    Cross-Reference

    See CERAMICS; ČĪNĪ.

  • GŌMĒZ

    Mary Boyce

    cow's urine.

  • GOMIŠĀN

    Cross-Reference

    a district in Golestān Province. See GORGĀN.

  • GONĀBĀD

    Minu Yusuf-Nežād

    a town and a sub-province (šahrestān) in the province of Khorasan.

  • GONĀBĀDI ORDER

    Hamid Algar

    an offshoot of the Neʿmat-Allāhi Sufi order, still active in Persia.

  • GONĀBĀDI, ʿEMĀD-AL-DIN MOḤAMMAD

    Shiro Ando

    or Jonābādi, b. Zayn-al-ʿĀbedin b. Neẓām-al-Din Moḥammad (b. 1415), Timurid financial officer and vizier.

  • GONĀBĀDI, Mirzā ABU’L-QĀSEM QĀSEMI

    Cross-Reference

    poet. See QĀSEMI Gonābādi, Mirzā Abu’l-Qāsem.