Table of Contents

  • GOLIUS, JACOBUS

    J. T. P. de Bruijn

    (b. The Hague, 1596; d. Leiden, 1667), Dutch orientalist who widened the scope of Persian studies, as they had been pursued by Dutch Arabists since the end of the 16th century.

  • GOLKONDA

    Cross-Reference

    See HYDERABAD.

  • GOLPAR

    Hušang Aʿlam

    any of several perennial aromatic herbaceous plants of the genus Heracleum L. (fam. Umbelliferae) growing wild in humid alpine regions in Persia and some adjacent areas.

  • GOLPĀYAGĀN

    Minu Yusofnezhad

    or GOLPĀYEGĀN; a šahrestān (county) and town located in Isfahan province, bordered on the east by the county of Barḵᵛār and Meyma, on the south by Ḵᵛānsār county, on the north by the counties of Maḥallāt and Ḵomeyn (Central province), and on the west by Aligudarz county (province of Lorestān).

  • GOLPĀYAGĀNI, ABU’L-FAŻL

    Cross-Reference

    See ABU’L-FAŻL GOLPĀYEGĀNĪ.

  • GOLPĀYAGĀNI, MOḤAMMAD-REŻĀ

    Ahmad Kazemi Moussavi

    , Ayatollah Sayyed  (1899-1993), a chief figure in the contemporary Shiʿite clerical hierarchy (marjaʿiyat-e taqlid), who took a moderate stand in the opposition to what was considered the state’s disregard for Islamic principles in the name of modernization.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • GOLPĀYEGĀNI DIALECT

    Cross-Reference

    See CENTRAL DIALECTS.

  • GÖLPINARLI, ABDÜLBAKI

    Tahsin Yazıcı

    (1900-1982), Turkish scholar noted in particular for his studies of the Turkish Sufi orders. He joined many Sufi orders without remaining in any of them for long. His greatest interests were in Shiʿism and the Mevlevi (Mawlawiya) order.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • GOLŠAHRI, SOLAYMĀN

    EIr

     or GÜLŞEHRÎ; 13th century Ottoman Sufi and poet who wrote in Persian and Turkish.

  • GOLŠĀʾIĀN, ʿABBĀSQOLI

    Abbas Milani

    After private schooling at home, Golšāʾiān studied at the French-run Alliance Française and at the Dār al-fonun. In 1920, he enrolled in the new law school created by the Ministry of Justice (ʿAdliya). After completing the required courses in two years, he was employed at the same ministry.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • GOLŠAN

    Nassereddin Parvin

    cultural magazine published in the early days of 1917 in Tehran by Sayyed Reżā Yazdi “Amir Reżwāni” (d. 1936), first twice a week and from its sixth year three times a week.

  • GOLŠAN ALBUM

    Kambiz Eslami

    or Moraqqaʿ-e golšan; a sumptuous 17th-century album of paintings, drawings, calligraphy, and engravings by Mughal, Persian, Deccani, Turkish, and European artists in the Golestān Palace Library, Tehran.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • GOLŠAN DEHLAVI, Shah SAʿD-ALLĀH

    Moinuddin Aqeel

    b. Ḵᵛāja Moḥammad-Saʿid (1664-1728), Naqšbandi Sufi and prolific poet in Persian with the pen name (taḵallosá) Golšan.

  • GOLŠAN-E MORĀD

    John R. Perry

    a history of the Zand Dynasty (1751-94) by Mirzā Moḥammad Abu’l-Ḥasan Ḡaffāri.

  • GOLŠAN-E RĀZ

    Hamid Algar

    lit. "The Rose Garden of Mysteries"; a concise didactic matnawi in a little over a thousand distichs on the key terms and concepts of Sufism, which has for long served as a principal text of theoretical mysticism in the Persian-speaking and Persian-influenced world.

  • GOLŠANI ṢĀRUḴĀNI

    Tahsin Yazici

    a 15th-century Turkish poet who also wrote in Persian.

  • GOLŠANĪ, EBRĀHIM

    Tahsin Yazici

    b. Moḥammad b. Ebrāhim b. Šehāb-al-Din (d. 1534), Sufi poet and the founder of the Golšaniya branch of the Ḵalwati Sufi order.

  • GOLŠANI, MOḤYI MOḤAMMAD

    Tahsin Yazici

    b. Fatḥ-Allāh b. Abi Ṭāleb (1528/29-1606/7), scholar and author in Persian and Turkish and inventor of an artificial language.

  • GOLŠEHRI, SOLAYMĀN

    Cross-Reference

    Sufi and poet in Turkish and Persian. See GÜLŠEHRI.

  • GOLŠIRI, Hušang

    Ḥasan Mirʿābedini and EIr

    (b. Isfahan, 1938; d. Tehran, 2000), an innovative novelist who explored new literary techniques with each piece he wrote. He received the Lillian Hellman and Dashiell Hammett award in 1997 via the Human Rights Watch Organization, and in 1999 he was awarded the Osnabrück Peace prize from the Erich Maria Remarque Foundation for his defense of freedom of speech.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.