Table of Contents

  • GOLESTĀN PROVINCE

    Cross-Reference

    See GORGĀN.

  • GOLESTĀN TREATY

    Elton L. Daniel

    agreement arranged under British auspices to end the Russo-Persian War of 1804-13. The origins of the war can be traced back to the decision of Tsar Paul to annex Georgia (December 1800) and, after Paul’s assassination (11 March 1801), the activist policy followed by his successor, Alexander I.

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  • GOLESTĀN-E HONAR

    Kambiz Eslami

    a 16th-century treatise on the art of calligraphy, with brief biographical notices on a selection of past and contemporary calligraphers and artists, by the Safavid author and historian Qāżi Aḥmad b. Šaraf-al-Din Ḥosayn Monši Qomi Ebrāhimi.

  • GOLESTĀN-E SAʿDI

    Franklin Lewis

    probably the single most influential work of prose in the Persian tradition, completed in 1258 by Mošarref-al-Din Moṣleḥ, known as Shaikh Saʿdi of Shiraz.

  • GOLESTĀNA, ABU’L-ḤASAN

    Cross-Reference

    See ABU’L-ḤASAN GOLESTĀNA.

  • GOLESTĀNA, ʿAlāʾ-al-Din Mirzā MOḤAMMAD

    Hamid Algar

    b. Šāh Abu Torāb Moḥammad-ʿAli (d. 1698-99), prominent religious scholar of the Safavid period, a scion of the Golestāna family of Ḥosayni sayyeds in Isfahan.

  • GOLESTĀNA, ʿALI-AKBAR

    Maryam Ekhtiar

    (b. 1857-58; d. 1901), calligrapher, scholar, and mystic of late 19th-century Persia.

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  • GOLGUN, FARID-AL-DAWLA Mirzā MOḤAMMAD-ḤASAN KHAN HAMADĀNI

    Parviz AḏkāʾI

    (1877-1937), constitutionalist and journalist.

  • GOLHĀ, BARNĀMA-YE

    Daryush Pirnia with Erik Nakjavani

    lit. “Flowers Program”; a series of radio programs on music and poetry, on the air for almost twenty-three years (March 1956 to February 1979), which aimed at illustrating the perennial thematic and aesthetic relationships between poetry and traditional music in Persian culture.

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  • GOLINDUCH

    Sebastian Brock

    or GOLEN-DOḴT (d. 591), female Christian martyr.

  • GOLIUS, JACOBUS

    J. T. P. de Bruijn

    (b. The Hague, 1596; d. Leiden, 1667), Dutch orientalist who widened the scope of Persian studies, as they had been pursued by Dutch Arabists since the end of the 16th century.

  • GOLKONDA

    Cross-Reference

    See HYDERABAD.

  • GOLPAR

    Hušang Aʿlam

    any of several perennial aromatic herbaceous plants of the genus Heracleum L. (fam. Umbelliferae) growing wild in humid alpine regions in Persia and some adjacent areas.

  • GOLPĀYAGĀN

    Minu Yusofnezhad

    or GOLPĀYEGĀN; a šahrestān (county) and town located in Isfahan province, bordered on the east by the county of Barḵᵛār and Meyma, on the south by Ḵᵛānsār county, on the north by the counties of Maḥallāt and Ḵomeyn (Central province), and on the west by Aligudarz county (province of Lorestān).

  • GOLPĀYAGĀNI, ABU’L-FAŻL

    Cross-Reference

    See ABU’L-FAŻL GOLPĀYEGĀNĪ.

  • GOLPĀYAGĀNI, MOḤAMMAD-REŻĀ

    Ahmad Kazemi Moussavi

    , Ayatollah Sayyed  (1899-1993), a chief figure in the contemporary Shiʿite clerical hierarchy (marjaʿiyat-e taqlid), who took a moderate stand in the opposition to what was considered the state’s disregard for Islamic principles in the name of modernization.

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  • GOLPĀYEGĀNI DIALECT

    Cross-Reference

    See CENTRAL DIALECTS.

  • GÖLPINARLI, ABDÜLBAKI

    Tahsin Yazıcı

    (1900-1982), Turkish scholar noted in particular for his studies of the Turkish Sufi orders. He joined many Sufi orders without remaining in any of them for long. His greatest interests were in Shiʿism and the Mevlevi (Mawlawiya) order.

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  • GOLŠAHRI, SOLAYMĀN

    EIr

     or GÜLŞEHRÎ; 13th century Ottoman Sufi and poet who wrote in Persian and Turkish.

  • GOLŠĀʾIĀN, ʿABBĀSQOLI

    Abbas Milani

    After private schooling at home, Golšāʾiān studied at the French-run Alliance Française and at the Dār al-fonun. In 1920, he enrolled in the new law school created by the Ministry of Justice (ʿAdliya). After completing the required courses in two years, he was employed at the same ministry.

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