Table of Contents

  • GĀVBĀZĪ

    Christian Bromberger

    arranged fights between bulls. These now take place only in the Caspian provinces of Gīlān and Mazandarān. In the past, however, they were common throughout Persia and formed part of the entertainment in local festivities along with other games involving pitting animals and creatures of all kinds against each other.

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  • GĀVMĪŠ

    Cross-Reference

    buffalo. See CATTLE.

  • GAVOR QALʿA

    Cross-Reference

    See GYAUR KALA.

  • GĀW Ī ĒWDĀD

    William W. Malandra

    or ēwagdād; the name of the primordial Bovine in Zoroastrian mythology.

  • ḠAWṮ KHAN, NAWWĀB MOḴTĀR-AL-MOLK

    Cross-Reference

    See NAWWĀB-E DAKHAN.

  • ḠAWṮĪ, MOḤAMMAD

    K. A. Nizami

    b. Ḥasan b. Mūsā Šaṭṭārī MANDOVĪ (b. Mandu, 1554), author of Golzār-e-abrār, a Persian hagiography of Indian saints.

  • ḠAYBA

    Said Amir Arjomand

    (Pers. ḡaybat) lit. "absence"; term used by the Shiʿites to refer to the occultation of the Hidden Imam.

  • ḠĀYER KHAN

    Peter Jackson

    b. Tekeš (d. 1220), Turkish general of the Ḵᵛārazmšāh ʿAlāʾ-al-Dīn Moḥammad.

  • GAYḴĀTŪ KHAN

    Peter Jackson

    (1291-95) fifth Mongol Il-khan of Persia; his coins also bear the name Īrinjīn Dūrjī (Tibetan Rin-chen rDo-rje, lit. “Jewel Diamond”) bestowed upon him by Buddhist lamas.

  • GAYŌMART

    Mansour Shaki

    or Gayūmarṯ, Kayūmarṯ; the sixth of the heptad in Mazdean myth of creation, the protoplast of man, and the first king in Iranian mythical history.