Table of Contents

  • GĪĀʾĪ, ḤAYDAR

    Mina Marefat

    or Heydar Ghiaï-Chamlou (b. Tehran, 1922; d. Cap d’Antibe, 1985), an influential pioneer of modern architecture in Persia and professor at the University of Tehran. Stylistically, his work was thoroughly “modern,” introducing aspects of the contemporary and International Style architecture of Europe.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • GĪĀN TAPPA

    Cross-Reference

    See GIYAN TEPE.

  • GĪĀNĪ

    Cross-Reference

    a Lori dialect. See GĪŌNĪ.

  • GIANTS, THE BOOK OF

    Werner Sundermann

    a book mentioned as a canonical work of Mani in the Coptic Kephalaia, in the Homilies and Psalms, as well as in the Chinese compendium of Mani’s teachings.

  • ḠIĀṮ AL-LOḠĀT

    Solomon Bayevsky

    lit. "Aid in [the explication of] vocabulary," punning on the author’s name; a Persian dictionary compiled in India in 1827 by the linguist, philologist, and poet Moḥammad Ḡiāṯ- al-Din b. Jamāl-al-Din b. Jamāl-al-Din b. Šaraf-al-Din Rāmpuri Moṣṭafā-ābādi.

  • GĪĀṮ BEG, ʿEʿTEMĀD-AL-DAWLA

    Mehrdad Shokoohy

    or Gīāṯ-al-Dīn Moḥammad Tehrānī (d. 1622), prime minister of the Mughal emperor Jahāngīr and father of the emperor’s wife, Nūr Jahān.

  • GĪĀṮ-AL-DĪN BALBAN

    Cross-Reference

    See DELHI SULTANATE.

  • GĪĀṮ-AL-DĪN DAŠTAKĪ

    Cross-Reference

    (1462-1541), scholar, philosopher, and motakallem (theologian) of the late Timurid and early Safavid period, and, for a brief interval under Shah Ṭahmāsb, one of two ṣadrs (chief clerical overseers). See DAŠTAKI, GĪĀṮ-AL-DĪN.

  • GĪĀṮ-AL-DĪN MOḤAMMAD

    Peter Jackson and Charles Melville

    (d. 1336), Il-khanid vizier, the son of Rašīd-al-Dīn Fażl-Allāh Hamadānī (executed 1318), the celebrated historian and vizier of Ḡāzān Khan.

  • GĪĀṮ-AL-DĪN MOḤAMMAD TEHRĀNĪ

    Cross-Reference

    (d. 1622), prime minister of the Mughal emperor Jahāngīr and father of the emperor’s wife, Nūr Jahān. See GĪĀṮ BEG.

  • GĪĀṮ-AL-DĪN NAQQĀŠ

    Priscilla Soucek

    a painter (naqqāš) active in Herat ca. 1419-30, where he was in the employ of the Timurid Bāysonḡor b. Šāhroḵ.

  • GĪĀṮ-AL-DĪN ŠĪRĀZĪ

    Lisa Golombek

    master architect in Khorasan during the reign of the Timurid Šāhroḵ (1405-47).

  • GĪĀṮ-AL-DIN TOḠLOQ

    Cross-Reference

    See DELHI SULTANATE i; TUGHLUQIDS.

  • GĪĀṮVAND

    Pierre Oberling

    a Kurdish tribe of the Qazvīn region.

  • GIBB MEMORIAL SERIES

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    or GMS; a series of publications, which has continued for almost a century, mainly, but not exclusively, dedicated to editions and translations of Arabic, Persian, and Turkish texts.

  • GIBBON, EDWARD

    Michael Rogers

    (1737-1794), author of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (London, 1776-88). Relations of Persia and the later steppe nomads with the East Roman/Byzantine empire are an essential component of Gibbon’s celebrated history.

  • GIFT GIVING

    Multiple Authors

    i. Introduction, ii. In Pre-Islamic Persia, iii. In the Medieval Period, iv. In the Safavid Period, v. In the Qajar Period.

  • GIFT GIVING i, ii, iii

    EIr, Josef Wiesehöfer

    in Persia. The following articles constitute a preliminary attempt at studying various aspects of gift giving in a chronological and historical framework, from the pre-Islamic era to the early modern period.

  • GIFT GIVING iv

    Rudi P. Matthee

    iv. In the Safavid Period.

  • GIFT GIVING v

    Willem Floor

    v. In the Qajar Period.