Table of Contents

  • GĀV-ZABĀN

    Hushang Aʿlam

    lit. ”ox-tongue” (in reference to the rough, tongue-shaped leaves of the plant); the popular designation for several medicinal species of the borage family (Boraginaceae).

  • GAVA

    Cross-Reference

    See SOGHDIA.

  • GĀVĀHAN

    Cross-Reference

    See PLOW.

  • ḠĀVĀL

    Jean During

    or daf; the most widespread percussion instrument in the Republic of Azerbaijan, played as much in artistic as in popular music and professional ensembles.

  • GAVAN

    Cross-Reference

    plant of the genus Astragalus. See TRAGACANTH (pending).

  • GĀVĀN GĪLĀNĪ

    Cross-Reference

    See MAḤMŪD GĪLĀNĪ.

  • GAVAZN

    Cross-Reference

    See RED DEER.

  • GĀVBAND

    Amir Ismail Ajami

    the owner of the oxen (gāv) in the traditional farming system of Persia.

  • GĀVBĀRA

    Cross-Reference

    See DABUYIDS.

  • GĀVBĀZĪ

    Christian Bromberger

    arranged fights between bulls. These now take place only in the Caspian provinces of Gīlān and Mazandarān. In the past, however, they were common throughout Persia and formed part of the entertainment in local festivities along with other games involving pitting animals and creatures of all kinds against each other.

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