Table of Contents

  • GABAE

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    the name of two places in Persia and Sogdiana.

  • GABAIN, ANNEMARIE VON

    Peter Zieme

    Von Gabain was particularly interested in the question of the extent to which the religious ideas of the Central Asian peoples had been influenced by Zoroastrianism or other Iranian beliefs, and this perspective is reflected in several of her publications.

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  • GABBA

    Jean-Pierre Digard and Carol Bier

    a hand-woven pile rug of coarse quality and medium size (90 × 150 cm or larger) characterized by an abstract design that relies upon open fields of color and a playfulness with geometry. This kind of rug is common among the tribes of the Zagros (Kurdish, Lori-speaking ethnic groups, Qašqāʾīs).

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  • GABR

    Mansour Shaki

    a New Persian term used from the earliest period as a technical term synonymous with mōḡ (magus). With the dwindling of the Zoroastrian community,  the term came to have a pejorative implication.

  • GABRA

    Cross-Reference

    See GŌR.

  • GABRI WARE

    Cross-Reference

    See CERAMICS.

  • GABRIEL, ALFONS

    Cross-Reference

    See Supplement.

  • GABRIELI, FRANCESCO

    Giuliano Lancioni

    The significance of Gabrieli’s contribution was widely recognized. He was a national member of Accademia dei Lincei since 1957 and served as its president in the years 1985-88; from 1968 to 1977 he was president of Istituto per l’Oriente.

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  • GAČ

    Cross-Reference

    See GYPSUM.

  • GAČ-BORĪ

    Sheila S. Blair

    plasterwork or stucco. Gypsum plaster has been used as a building material in Persia for more than 2,500 years. Originally it may have been applied as a rendering to mud brick walls to protect them from the weather, but it was soon exploited for its decorative effects.

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  • GAČSAR

    Minu Yusof Nezhad

    a village in the Karaj district, situated at an altitude of 2,210 m at 110 km northwest of Tehran and 7 km south of the Kandavān Tunnel on the main road to the Caspian coast.

  • GAČSĀRĀN

    Eckart Ehlers

    town and oilfield in the province of Ḵūzestān, southwestern Persia.

  • GADĀʾĪ

    Cross-Reference

    See BEGGING.

  • GÄDIATỊ (SEḰAYỊ FỊRT) COMAQ

    Fridrik Thordarson

    (1883-1931), Ossetic writer.

  • ḠADĪR ḴOMM

    Ahmad Kazemi Moussavi

    lit. “pool of Ḵomm”; the name of a pool near a small oasis along the caravan route between the cities of Mecca and Medina, near an area currently known as Joḥfa.

  • GADŌTU

    Cross-Reference

    a demon. See UDA.

  • ḠAFFĀRĪ, ABU’L-ḤASAN

    Cross-Reference

    See ABU’L-ḤASAN KHAN ḠAFFĀRĪ.

  • ḠAFFĀRĪ, FARROḴ KHAN

    Cross-Reference

    See AMĪN-AL-DAWLA, ABŪ ṬĀLEB FARROḴ KHAN ḠAFFĀRĪ.

  • ḠAFFĀRĪ, ḠOLĀM-ḤOSAYN KHAN

    Kambiz Eslami

    Following in the footsteps of his father, GOLAM-HOSAYN KHANG AFFARI began his career as one of Nāṣer-al-Dīn Shah’s personal pages. He had already received the title amīn(-e) ḵalwat when he accompanied the shah on his second journey to Khorasan in 1883. His promotion to the position of chief musketeer in 1883-84 was followed by two other appointments.

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  • ḠAFFARĪ, MOḤAMMAD

    Cross-Reference

    a prominent Qajar painter. See KAMĀL-AL-MOLK.