Table of Contents

  • FALLĀḤ, REŻĀ

    Bāqer ʿĀqelī and EIr

    (b. Kāšān, 1910; d. London, 1981), deputy manager of the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC; Šerkat-e mellī-e naft-e Īrān), in charge of international relations and marketing.

  • FALSAFA

    Mansour Shaki

    philosophy in the pre-Islamic period. For philosophy in the Islamic period, see also articles under individual authors and schools, e.g., AVICENNA, FĀRĀBĪ, ILLUMINATIONISM, ISFAHAN SCHOOL OF PHILOSOPHY, and MOLLĀ ṢADRĀ.

  • FALSAFĪ, NAṢR–ALLĀH

    Manouchehr Parsadoust

    (b. Tehran, 1901; d. 1981), Persian historian, educator, journalist, translator, and poet.

  • FALUDY, György

    ANDRÁS BODROGLIGETI

    (1910-2006), Hungarian poet, translator, and publicist.  

  • FĀMĪ

    Cross-reference

    See ABU NAṢR FĀMI.

  • FAMILY LAW

    Ziba Mir-Hosseini, Mansour Shaki, Jeanette Wakin

    legal prescriptions dealing with marriage, divorce, the status of children, inheritance, and related matters.

  • FAMILY PLANNING

    Mehdi Amani, Nancy Hatch Dupree

    a term for programs to regulate family size that came into use in the West in the 1930s. Although it originally encompassed efforts both to promote and to curtail fertility, explosive population growth in the developing countries since mid-century has narrowed its meaning to control of fertility.

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  • FAMINES

    Xavier de Planhol

    in Persia.

  • FANĀ ḴOSROW

    Cross-reference

    See ʿAŻOD-AL-DAWLA, FANĀ ḴOSROW.

  • FANĀʾĪĀN, Mīrzā FARAJ-ALLĀH JONŪN

    Vahid Rafati

    b. Loṭf-ʿAlī b. Moḥammad-Reżā (b. Sangsar, 1873), poet.