Table of Contents

  • FĀḴTAʾĪ, ḤOSAYN QAWĀMĪ

    Cross-Reference

    a master vocalist of Persia in the second half of the 20th century. See QAWĀMI, ḤOSAYN.

  • FĀL

    Cross-reference

    See DIVINATION.

  • FĀL-ASĪRĪ, Ḥājj Sayyed ʿALĪ-AKBAR

    Manṣūr Rastgār FASāʾī

    prominent mojtahed of Shiraz (1840-1901). He led the prayer at Wakīl Mosque, where he regularly preached, and for years he wielded great influence in the religious, political, and social affairs of the city. He was an active opponent of the tobacco concession and instigated a riot against it.

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  • FĀL-NĀMA

    Īraj Afšār

    a book of presages and omens. The narrower and more common use of the term, equivalent to “bibliomancy,” is confined to texts used as material for divination by the reader directly or through a fortune-teller.

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  • FALAK

    Cross-Reference

    Arabic word for "sphere" (pl. aflāk). In Persian works of literature it is often referred to as being responsible for determining people's destiny. See ASTROLOGY AND ASTRONOMY IN IRAN; COSMOGONY AND COSMOLOGY.

  • FALAKA

    Mahmoud Omidsalar

    also falak, čūb o falak; one of the most common instruments of corporal punishment in Persia.

  • FALĀḴAN

    Parviz Mohebbi

    a sling.

  • FALAKĪ ŠARVĀNĪ, Abu’l-Neẓām Moḥammad

    François de Blois

    or ŠERVĀNĪ, a Persian poet of the first half of the 12th century.

  • FALĀṬŪRĪ, ʿABD-AL-JAWĀD

    Judith Pfeiffer

    (b. Isfahan, 1926; d. Berlin, 30 December 1996), professor of Islamic studies at Cologne University (1974-96).

  • FALCONS AND FALCONRY

    Cross-reference

    See BĀZ; BĀZDĀRĪ.