Table of Contents

  • FELĀḤAT-E MOẒAFFARĪ

    Nassereddin Parvin

    the first monthly magazine in Persia dealing with agricultural issues published from August 1900 to Noveber 1907; the official publication of the General Agricultural Office of Persia.

  • FELFEL

    Hūšang Aʿlam

    modern Persian term designating the fruits and/or berries of two botanically different groups of plants: the pepper proper and the capsicum peppers.

  • FELT

    Daniel Balland and Jean-Pierre Digard

    (namad), material produced by process of felting, the entanglement of animal fiber in all directions, done to form a soft and homogeneous mass. The technique was originally devised in nomadic communities of Central Asia (Pazyryk, 5th to 3rd centuries BCE).

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  • FEMINIST MOVEMENTS i. INTRODUCTION, ii. IN THE LATE QAJAR PERIOD

    EIr, Janet Afary

    Persia of the 20th century saw a number of popular, often small and short-lived, women’s rights activities which had been mobilized by liberal and left wing authors, journalists, and political organizations in the 1900s-1920s and again in the 1940s-50s.

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  • FEMINIST MOVEMENTS iii. IN THE PAHLAVI PERIOD

    Hamideh Sedghi

    in the Pahlavi Period. The fundamental political, socio-cultural, and economic changes which Persia underwent in the Pahlavi era (1921-78) had drastic repercussions on the women’s rights movement and the condition of women.

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  • FEMINIST MOVEMENTS iv. IN THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC

    Ziba Mir-Hosseini

    After the Revolution of 1978-79, “feminism,” because of its associations with the West and its appropriation by the previous regime, soon became viewed by the ruling clerics as synonymous with decadence.

  • FENDERESK

    Mīnū Yūsofnežād

    a rural district (dehestān) of the county (šahrestān) of Gonbad-e Qābūs and situated north of the Alborz range in the eastern part of Māzandarān.

  • FENDERESKĪ

    Cross-Reference

    See MĪR FENDERESKI, ABU’L-QĀSEM.

  • FENNEL

    Hūšang Aʿlam

    the aromatic sweetish potherb and medicinal plant Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (= Anethum foeniculum L., etc.; fam. Umbelliferae).

  • FEQH

    Norman Calder

    lit. "jurisprudence"; term used to designate the processes of exposition, analysis, and argument which constitute human effort to express God’s law (šarīʿa).