Table of Contents

  • FATALISM

    Based on a longer article by ʿAbd-al-Ḥosayn Zarrīnkūb

    in the Islamic period. The concept of fatalism as commonly used in Islamic philosophy and Persian literature denotes the belief in the pre-ordained Decree of God (qażā wa qadar), according to which whatever happens to human beings or in the whole universe has been pre-determined by the will and knowledge of the Almighty, and that no changes or transformations in it can be made through the agency of the human will.

  • FATĀWĪ-E ʿĀLAMGĪRĪ

    S. H. Qasemi

    abridged Persian translation by Qāżī Najm-al-Dīn Khan Kākorī of a six-volume Arabic work on Hanafite law (ed. Būlāq, 1859) considered the authoritative compendium of religious law, policy, and practice in India.

  • FATE

    Cross-Reference

    See BAḴT; FATALISM; FREE WILL.

  • FĀTEḤ, MOṢṬAFĀ

    Bāqer ʿĀqelī

    (b. Isfahan, 1896; d. London, 1978), a deputy director-general of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and banker.

  • FĀṬEMA

    Jean Calmard

    daughter of the Prophet Moḥammad.

  • FĀṬEMA-SOLṬĀN

    Cross-Reference

    See ANĪS-AL-DAWLA.

  • FĀṬEMĪ, ḤOSAYN

    Fakhreddin Azimi

    Fāṭemī protested against the government rigging of the elections for the Sixteenth Majles with MosÂaddeq, helped to mobilize support, and in October 1949 was one of a delegation selected to accompany MosÂaddeq in a sit-in (bast) at the royal palace protesting the conduct of the elections.

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  • FATḤ

    EIr

    b. ḴĀQĀN (d. 861), famous bibliophile, author, courtier, and official in ʿAbbasid times.

  • FATḤ JANG

    Mehrdad Shokoohy

    or Mīrzā Ebrāhīm (d. 1623-24), a Mughal official. 

  • FATḤ-ʿALĪ ĀḴŪNDZĀDA

    Cross-Reference

    See AḴŪNDZĀDA.