Table of Contents

  • FAWZĪ, MOḤAMMAD

    Cross-Reference

    See FEVZI EFENDI.

  • FAYYĀŻ LĀHĪJĪ

    Cross-Reference

    See ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ LĀHĪJĪ.

  • FAYYĀŻ, ʿALĪ-AKBAR MAJĪDĪ

    Jalāl Matīnī

    Fayyāż remained an indefatigable scholar all his life. Going beyond his traditional background, he studied a number of western languages, including Russian, German, English, ancient Greek, and Latin. He was a meticulous scholar, combining his profound knowledge of traditional Islamic sciences and Persian literature with modern methodology in scholarship and literary criticism.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • FAYŻ MOḤAMMAD KĀTEB

    R. D. McChesney and A. H. Tarzi

    Afghan court chronicler and secretary to the amir Ḥabīb–Allāh Khan (r. 1901-19).

  • FAYŻ-E KĀŠĀNĪ, MOLLĀ MOḤSEN-MOḤAMMAD

    Hamid Algar

    b. Šāh Mortażā b. Šāh Maḥmūd (b. 1598-9, d. 1679), prolific and versatile scholar of the Safavid period, celebrated chiefly for his Sufi inclinations.

  • FAYŻĀBĀD

    Daniel Balland

    a toponym of auspicious meaning (“blessed abode”) which enjoys great popularity throughout the Iranian world.

  • FAYŻĪ, ABU’L-FAYŻ

    Munibur Rahman

    (b. Agra, 1547; d. Lahore, 1595), Mughal court poet, also known as Fayżī Fayyāżī, who wrote mainly in Persian.

  • FAYŻĪ, ABU’L-QĀSEM

    Moojan Momen

    (1906-1980), Bahai teacher, missionary, and author.

  • FAŻĀʾEL-E BALḴ

    Arezou Azad

    13th-century local history from Balḵ in eastern Khorasan, with a collection of biographies of Balḵ’s early Islamic scholars and mystics. It differs from many other local histories of medieval Islamic cities in that it comprises a mix of historical, topographical, and prosopographical information,  covering six centuries from the advent of Islam to the late 12th century.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • FĀŻEL KHAN GARRŪSĪ, MOḤAMMAD

    Īraj Afšār

    (1784-1843), poet, litterateur, and secretary during the reigns of Fatḥ-ʿAlī Shah (1797-1834) and Moḥammad Shah Qājār (1834-48).

  • FĀŻEL MĀZANDARĀNĪ, MĪRZĀ ASAD-ALLĀH

    Moojan Momen

    (b. Bābol, 1881; d. Ḵorramšahr, 1957), Bahai scholar and missionary.

  • FĀŻEL TŪNĪ, MOḤAMMAD-ḤOSAYN

    Hūšang Etteḥād

    From the beginning of 1934, Mohammad-Hosayn taught Arabic language and literature and Islamic philosophy at the University of Tehran, becoming a full professor two years later. He retired from teaching in 1958. He was known for his memory, his sense of humor, and his ability to form friendships with colleagues from different disciplines.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • FAZEL, JAVAD

    Ḥasan Mirʿābedini

    (1914-1961), noted serial writer, and a pioneering figure in simplifying and popularizing religious texts.

  • FAŻL NAYRĪZĪ

    David Pingree

    , ABU’L ʿABBĀS b. Ḥātem, mathematician and astronomer (fl. 900 C.E.). His family originated from Nayrīz/Nīrīz, a small town near Shiraz. Almost nothing is known of his personal life. The fact that he

  • FAŻL, b. AḤMAD ESFARĀʾENĪ

    Cross-Reference

    See ESFARĀʾENĪ, FAŻL B. AḤMAD.

  • FAŻL, b. Šāḏān NĪŠĀPŪRĪ AZDĪ, ABŪ MOḤAMMAD

    Etan Kohlberg

    (d. 873), Imami traditionalist, theologian, and jurisprudent.

  • FAŻL, b. SAHL b. Zādānfarrūḵ

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    (d. 818), high official of the early ʿAbbasids and vizier to the caliph al-Maʾmūn (r. 813-33).

  • FAŻL-ALLĀH ḤORŪFĪ

    Cross-Reference

    See ASTARĀBĀDĪ, FAŻLALLĀH.

  • FAŻL-ALLĀH NŪRĪ, SHAIKH

    Cross-reference

    See NŪRĪ, FAŻL-ALLĀH.

  • FAŻLĪ NAMANGĀNĪ, ʿABD-AL-KARĪM

    Michael Zand

    (d. after 1822), Central Asian bilingual poet (Persian and Chaghatay), taḏkera compiler, and historian.