Table of Contents

  • EṢṬAḴRĪ, ABŪ ESḤĀQ EBRĀHĪM

    O. G. Bolshakov

    b. Moḥammad Fāresī Karḵī, 10th-century Muslim traveler and geographer and founder of the genre of masālek (lit. “itineraries”) literature.

  • EṢṬAḴRĪ, ABŪ SAʿĪD ḤASAN

    Jeanette Wakin

    b. Aḥmad b. Yazīd (858-939), Shafiʿite jurisconsult and author.

  • ESTĀLEF

    Daniel Balland

    large Persian-speaking village of the Kōhdāman, 55 km north of Kabul, built on a foothill of the Paḡmān range of the Hindu Kush between 1,875 and 1,950 m above sea-level.

  • ESTEʿĀRA

    Julie S. Meisami

    lit. "to borrow"; the general term for metaphor.

  • ESTEBDĀD-E ṢAGĪR

    Cross-Reference

    "the lesser tyranny." See CONSTITUTIONAL REVOLUTION.

  • ESTEBṢĀR

    Cross-Reference

    See ṬŪSĪ, ABŪ JAʿFAR.

  • EŠTEHĀRD

    Mīnū Yūsof-nežād

    a town and district (baḵš) in the province of Tehran.

  • EŠTEHĀRDĪ

    Gernot L. Windfuhr

    the easternmost of the nine Southern Tati (Tātī) dialects and sharing with the others most phonological, morphological, syntactic, and lexical features. These are part of a band of dialects extending from the Aras River to central Persia and farther east.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • ESTEḴĀRA

    Cross-Reference

    See DIVINATION.

  • ESTEQLĀL

    Nassereddin Parvin

    newspaper published by the constitutionalists who had taken refuge in the Ottoman consulate in Tabrīz during the Russian occupation of the city in 1909.