Table of Contents

  • EMĀMZĀDA

    Multiple Authors

    a shrine believed to be the tomb of a descendent of a Shiʿite Imam. such structures are also known as āstāna (lit., threshold), marqad (resting place, mausoleum), boqʿa (revered site), rawża (garden/tomb), gonbad (dome), mašhad (place of martyrdom), maqām (site/abode), qadamgāh (stepping place), and torbat (dust, grave).

  • EMĀMZĀDA i. Function and devotional practice

    Hamid Algar

    "Sites where divine favor and blessing occur, where mercy and grace descend; they are a refuge for the distressed, a shelter for the despondent, a haven for the oppressed, and a place of consolation for weary hearts, and will ever remain so until resurrection.”

  • EMĀMZĀDA ii. Forms, decorations, and other characteristics

    PARVĪZ VARJĀVAND

    The identity of the people interred in emāmzādas and the exact location where they are entombed are often moot questions, as in most cases there are no historical documents authenticating the claims for these shrines.

  • EMĀMZĀDA iii. Number, distribution, and important examples

    PARVĪZ VARJĀVAND

    Information and statistics regarding the number and distribution of emāmzādas in Persia vary from one source to another.

  • EMBROIDERY

    Cross-Reference

    See CLOTHING.

  • EMDĀD-ALLĀH ḤĀJĪ

    Barbara D. Metcalf

    (b. Thana Bhawan, India, 1817, d. Mecca, 1899), spiritual guide and scholar.

  • ĒMĒD Ī AŠAWAHIŠTĀN

    Mansour Shaki

    (Exposition [of Zoroastrian doctrines] by Ēmēd, son of Ašawahišt), a major 10th-century Pahlavi work comprising forty-four questions (pursišn).

  • EMERSON, RALPH WALDO

    John D. Yohannan

    (b. 25 May 1803, Boston; d. 27 April 1882, Concord), distinguished American transcendentalist, philosopher, and poet.

  • EMIGRATION

    Cross-Reference

    See HUMAN MIGRATION.

  • EMĪN YOMNĪ, MEḤMED

    Tahsın Yazici

    Moḥammad Amīn (b. Solaymānīya in Persia, 1845, d. Istanbul, 5 April 1924), Turkish poet and man of letters who also wrote in Persian.