Table of Contents

  • ERṮ

    Cross-Reference

    See INHERITANCE.

  • ERUANDAŠAT

    Robert H. Hewsen

    a city in Armenia located on a rocky hill at the juncture of the Akhurean and Araxes rivers.

  • ERZENJĀN

    Cross-Reference

    a town in northeastern Anatolia. See ARZENJĀN.

  • ERZİ, ADNAN SADIK

    Osman G. Özgüdenlı and Mustafa Uyar

    After graduating in 1947, ERZİ began work for the Society of Turkish History as a library and publications specialist. In April 1947 he was appointed the Library Manager of the Faculty of Language and History/Geography at the University of Ankara.

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  • ERZURUM

    Eir

    a town in eastern Anatolia (39° 50´ N, 41° 20´ E). 

  • ESʿAD DEDE, MEHMED

    Tahsın Yazici

    Moḥammad Asʿad Dada (b. Salonika, 1841; d. Istanbul, 9 August 1911), Turkish author and Sufi poet of the Mawlawī order.

  • ESʿAD EFENDİ, MEHMED

    Tahsın Yazici

    Moḥammad Asʿad Efendi (b. Istanbul, 14 June 1570; d. Istanbul, 21 June 1625), Ottoman religious figure and author of both Persian and Turkish poetry.

  • ʿEṢĀMĪ, ʿABD-AL-MALEK

    Peter Jackson

    (fl. 1350), Indo-Muslim poet writing in Persian.

  • EŠĀRĀT WA’L-TANBĪHĀT, AL-

    M. E. Marmura

    a late work of Avicenna (Ebn Sīnā, d. 1037), written sometime between 1030 and 1034, which sums up his thought in a language that is often deeply personal and expressive.

  • ESCHATOLOGY

    Multiple Authors

    the branch of theology concerned with final things, i.e., the advent of the savior to defeat evil and the end of the world.

  • ESCHATOLOGY i. In Zoroastrianism and Zoroastrian Influence

    Shaul Shaked

    Faith in the events beyond life on this earth is attested in the Zoroastrian scriptures from the very first, from the Gāθās. This faith developed and became central to later Zoroastrianism so that it colors almost all aspects of the religious life.

  • ESCHATOLOGY ii. Manichean Eschatology

    Werner Sundermann

    Manichean eschatology, teachings about final things, provided information on what happened during and after the death of a single human being and also on what would happen before and at the end of this world.

  • ESCHATOLOGY iii. Imami Shiʿism

    M. A. Amir-Moezzi

    It is known that among Islamic doctrinal trends and schools of thought that Shiʿism, Imami Shiʿism in particular, has developed eschatological doctrine most fully.

  • ESCHATOLOGY iv. In Babism and Bahaism

    Stephen Lambden

    Individual Babis and Bahais have compiled testimonia and written “demonstrative treatises” (estedlālīya) to show the fulfillment, in their religion, of apocalyptic and eschatological prophecies.

  • EṢFAHĀN

    Cross-Reference

    See ISFAHAN.

  • EṢFAHĀN and EṢFAHĀNĀT

    Cross-Reference

    See BAYĀT-E EṢFAHĀN.

  • EṢFAHĀNĪ, ʿABD-AL-ḤASAN

    David Pingree

    b. Aḥmad b. ʿAlī b. Ḥasan, author of the Ketāb al-bolhān on astrology, magic, divination, and demonology, which he composed around 1400 for Ḥosayn b. Aḥmad b. Moḥammad Erbelī.

  • EṢFAHĀNĪ, ABU’L-ŠAYḴ ABŪ MOḤAMMAD ʿABD-ALLĀH

    Martin McDermott

    b. Moḥammad b. Jaʿfar b. Ḥayyān ḤĀFEẒ ANṢĀRĪ (887-979), traditionist and Koran commentator, important principally for his Ṭabaqāt al-moḥaddeṯīn.

  • ESFAHANI, Jaleh

    Shadab Vajdi

    (Žāla Eṣfahāni, b. Esfahan, 1921; d. London, 29 November 2007), poet and political activist. Esfahani’s poetry is ensconced in the tradition of Persian prosody. With few exceptions, she adheres to the metrical traditions of classical Persian poetry. She frequently borrows imageries from poets of the classical period and adapts them to the requirements of her politically laden poems.

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  • ESFAHSĀLĀR

    Cross-Reference

    See SEPAHSĀLĀR.