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Greek name of a Bactrian city in northern Afghanistan, the first town captured by Alexander the Great after crossing the Hindu Kush.
M. L. Swietochowski
, an art form primarily dependent on expressive line. The high quality of Persian drawings maintained from the late 13th to the early 20th century provides a clear indication that this art form was appreciated by the Persian cultural elite.This Article Has Images/Tables.
lit. "The Babylonian tree"; a versified contest over precedence between a goat and a palm tree, composed in the Parthian language, written in Book Pahlavi script, and consisting of about 120 verses.This Article Has Images/Tables.
i. In pre-Islamic Persia. ii. In the Persian tradition.
(b. Amsterdam, 26 April 1911; d. Philadelphia, 16 August 1986), professor at the University of Pennsylvania, where he taught Persian, then various Old and Middle Iranian languages from 1949 until his retirement in 1977. He worked especially on Khotanese literary texts.
joint surname adopted by two leading Bahai figures of the 20th century.
(or Driβi-), Younger Avestan noun from the Vidēvdād; the word probably referred either to a skin disease or to drooling.
Middle Persian title of a Sasanian official, “intercessor and judge of the poor.”
name of the fifth month (July-August) of the Old Persian calendar, equivalent to Akkadian Ābu and Elamite Zillatam.
Jamsheed K. Choksy
Zoroastrian ritual term originally meaning “sacred portion” and designating a ritual offering to divine beings.