Table of Contents

  • DEZFUL

    Multiple Authors

    a town and sub-province in northern Khuzestan province.

  • DEZFŪL i. Geography

    Massoud Kheirabadi

    or Dez-pol, lit. "fortress bridge"; šahrestān (subprovincial administrative unit) and city in northern Ḵūzestān province.

  • DEZFUL ii. Population, 1956-2011

    Mohammad Hossein Nejatian

    This article deals with the following population characteristics of Dezful: population growth from 1956 to 2011, age structure, average household size, literacy rate, and economic activity status.

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  • DEZFŪLĪ AND ŠŪŠTARĪ DIALECTS

    COLIN MACKINNON

    Dezfūlī and Šūštarī are two closely related Persian dialects spoken by the indigenous inhabitants of Dezfūl and Šūštar in Ḵūzestān province.

  • DEZKŪH

    Farhad Daftary

    or Šāhdez; a medieval mountain fortress situated in central Persia on the summit of Mount Ṣoffa, about 8 km south of Isfahan.

  • DHABHAR, BAHMANJI NUSSERWANJI

    Mary Boyce and Firoze M. Kotwal

    (b. 1869, Navsari, d. 1952, Bombay), eminent Parsi scholar of Bhagaria stock.

  • DHALLA, DASTUR MANECKJI NUSSERWANJI

    Kaikhusroo M. JamaspAsa

    In 1878 Dhalla came to Karachi with his father, married at the age of nine, and was ordained a priest (navar) in 1890. For a while he abandoned his studies and worked to augment the family’s meagre income, but his scholarly interest never waned.

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  • DHĀR, QĀŻĪ KHAN BADR

    Cross-Reference

    See DHĀRVĀL.

  • DHĀRAṆĪ

    Hiroshi Kumamoto, Yutaka Yoshida

    magic spells in the Buddhist Mahāyānist and Tantric (esoteric) traditions.

  • DHARMAŚARĪRA-SŪTRA

    Hiroshi Kumamoto

    a short Buddhist text belonging to the Mahāyānist tradition.

  • DHĀRVĀL, QĀŻĪ KHAN BADR MOḤAMMAD DEHLAVĪ

    M. Saleem Akhtar

    or DHĀR, 15th-century Persian lexicographer in India, so named because he settled in Dhār (hence his nesba Dhārvāl), capital of the Ghurid principality of Malwa.

  • DHŪTA-SŪTRA

    Yutaka Yoshida

    name of a Buddhist Sogdian text discovered at Tun-huang.

  • DHYĀNA TEXT

    Yutaka Yoshida

    designation of a Buddhist Sogdian text of 405 lines discovered at Tun-huang.

  • DĪA

    Khalid Abu El Fadl

    the prescribed blood money or wergild paid in compensation for a wrongful death or certain other physical injuries.

  • DIAKONOFF, Igor’ Mikhaĭlovich

    Muhammad Dandamayev

    Diakonoff established international contacts and participated in organizing important scholarly projects. In particular, he took an active part in the organization of the 25th International Congress of Orientalists held in Moscow in 1960 (he was the Executive Secretary of the Organizing Committee).

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  • DĪĀLA

    Cross-Reference

    river. See ARVAND-RŪD.

  • DIALECTOLOGY

    GERNOT L. WINDFUHR

    the terms dialect and language overlap; in general, language refers to the more or less unified system of the phonology, grammar, and lexicon that is shared by the speakers of a country, or geographic region, or a socially defined group, whereas dialect (Pers. lahja, gūyeš) focuses on varieties of a language.

  • DĪĀRBAKR

    Cross-Reference

    See AMIDA.

  • DIASPORA

    Mary Boyce, Fariba Zarrinbaf-Shahr, H. Hakimian, Yitzhak Nakash, Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh, Mehdi Bozorgmehr, Grant Farr, Čangīz Pahlavān

    Iranian. i. In Pre-Islamic times. ii. Persians in India. iii. Persians in Southeast Asia. iv. Persians in Ottomon Turkey. v. Persians in the Caucasus and Central Asia in the late 19th and early 20th century. vi. Persians in Iraq. vii. Persians in Southern ports of the Persian Gulf. viii. In the Post-revolutionary period. ix. Afghan refugees in Pakistan. x. Afghan refugees in Persia.

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  • DIATESSERON

    Cross-reference

    Persian translation of the four Gospels, based on a Syriac original. See BIBLE vii. Persian Translations.