Table of Contents

  • CORN


    See ḎORRAT.


    Hūšang Aʿlam

    the male cornel tree, a dogwood shrub with edible berries.


    A. Shapur Shahbazi

    in ancient Iran, the ceremonial act of investing a ruler with a crown.


    Mary Boyce

    disposal of, in Zoroastrianism; in Zoroastrianism the corpse of a righteous believer was held to be the greatest source of pollution in the world, as the death of such a one represented a triumph for evil, whose forces were thought to be gathered there in strength.


    Nicholas Sims-Williams

    (C.I.I.), an association devoted to the col­lection and publication of Iranian inscriptions and documents.


    Multiple Authors

    Correspondence i. In pre-Islamic Persia, ii. In Islamic Persia, iii. Forms of opening and closing, address, and signature, and iv. On the subcontinent of India.

  • CORRESPONDENCE i. In pre-Islamic Persia

    Aḥmad Tafażżolī

    There is no information about correspondence in Median times, except for a fictitiously paraphrased letter from Cyrus to Cyaxares that began “Cyrus to Cyaxares, greeting!” 

  • CORRESPONDENCE ii. In Islamic Persia

    Fatḥ-Allāh Mojtabāʾī

    In Islamic Persia letter writing (Ar.-Pers. tarassol < Ar. r-s-l “to send”) developed into a genre of great literary, historical, and social importance. 

  • CORRESPONDENCE iii. Forms of opening and closing, address, and signature

    Hashem Rajabzadeh

    In this article the parts of the Persian letter are surveyed section by section, with comments on the general features, style, and stock formulas characteris­tic of each from early Islamic times to the present.

  • CORRESPONDENCE iv. On the subcontinent of India

    Momin Mohiuddin

    The chancellery of official and diplomatic correspondence was an organ of Indian Muslim political organization. At various times it was known as dīvān-­e resālat,dīvānal-enšāʾdīvānal-rasāʾel, or dār al-­enšāʾ