Table of Contents

  • CIA

    Cross-Reference

    See CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (CIA) IN PERSIA.

  • ČIÇANTAXMA

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    an Iranian personal name signifying “brave in lineage.”

  • CICAST

    Cross-Reference

    See ČĒČAST.

  • CICERO

    Michael Weiskopf

    as a source for Parthian history; letters written by Roman statesman and political philosopher Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 b.c.e.) preserve a virtually unique con­temporary extra-Iranian source on Parthian military and diplomatic activities and the Roman response to them, particularly during the military-campaign season of 51­-50 b.c.e.

  • ČĪDAG ANDARZ Ī PŌRYŌTKĒŠĀN

    Mansour Shaki

    (Selected precepts of the ancient sages), a post-Sasanian compendium of apothegms intended to instruct every Zoroastrian male, upon his attaining the age of fifteen years, in fundamental religious and ethical principles, as well as in the daily duties incumbent upon him.

  • CIGARETTES

    Cross-Reference

    See DOḴĀNĪYĀT.

  • ČIHRDĀD NASK

    D. N. MacKenzie

    one of the lost nasks of the Avesta.

  • CILICIA

    Michael Weiskopf

    the southeastern portion of the present Turkish coast, a satrapy of the Achaemenid empire (6th-4th centuries b.c.e.), subsequently incorporated into the Macedonian and Roman empires.

  • ČĪM Ī DRŌN

    Cross-Reference

    See DRŌN.

  • ČĪM Ī KUSTĪG

    Cross-Reference

    See KUSTĪG.