Table of Contents

  • CABBAGE

    Hūšang Aʿlam

    (Pers. kalam).Many medicinal properties and uses have been attributed in the Islamic period to the leaves and seeds of the karanb, most of which can be traced to the writings of the Greek masters Dioscorides, Galen,snd others.

  • ČĀČ

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    (Ar. Šāš), the name of a district and of a town in medieval Transoxania; the name of the town was gradually supplanted by that of Tashkent from late Saljuq and Mongol times onwards.

  • ČAČ-NĀMA

    D. N. MacLean

    Persian translation of an early anonymous Arabic history of Sind compiled at Arōr in the 3rd/9th century.

  • CADMAN, JOHN

    Kamran Eqbal

    Director and later chairman of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) during the reign of Reżā Shah (b. Silverdale, Staffordshire, England, 7 September 1877, d. Bletchley, Buckingham, 31 May 1941).

  • ČĀDOR (1)

    Cross-Reference

    A portable dwelling characteristic of certain nomad groups. It consists of a canopy of cloth or skin supported by upright posts and anchored to the ground by means of pegs and ropes. See TENTS.

  • ČĀDOR (2)

    Bijan Gheiby, James R. Russell, Hamid Algar

    A loose female garment covering the body, sometimes also the face.

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  • CADUSII

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    an Iranian tribe settled between the Caspian and the Black sea.

  • ČAGĀD Ī DĀITĪ

    Aḥmad Tafażżolī

    (or Dāityā), lit. “summit of the law," a peak of the mythical mountain Harburz, located in Ērānwēǰ in the middle of the world.

  • ČAḠADĀY

    Cross-reference

    second son of Čengīz Khan. See CHAGHATAYID DYNASTY.

  • ČAḠĀNA

    Ḥosayn ʿAlī Mallāḥ

    the name given to four types of musical instruments. This spelling is found in most dictionaries. Sachs’ Real-Lexikon has čaqāna, and other forms are also found: čaḡān, čaḡana, and čaḡba; in Arabic jaḡāna or jafāna.

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  • ČAḠANĪ, ṬĀHER

    Moḥammad Dabīrsīāqī

    b. Abi’l-ʿAbbās Fażl b. Abī Bakr Moḥammad b. Abī Saʿd Moẓaffar b. Moḥtāj, prince and poet of the ancient Iranian Āl-e Moḥtāj, ruler of Čaḡānīān (Čaḡān Ḵodāt).

  • ČAḠĀNĪĀN

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    Middle Pers. form Čagīnīgān, Arabic rendering Ṣaḡānīān, with the common rendering of Iranian č as ṣ.

  • ČAḠĀNĪĀN, Chaghanids

    Cross-Reference

    See ĀL-E MOḤTĀJ.

  • ČAḠĀNRŪD

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    Čaḡānīrūd in Farroḵī, the seventh and last right-bank tributary of the Oxus or Amu Darya.

  • ČAḠATĀY

    Cross-Reference

    See CHAGHATAY LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE and CHAGHATAYID DYNASTY.

  • ČAḠČARĀN

    Daniel Balland

    Principal town and administrative capital of the province of Ḡōr, in the mountains of central Afghanistan.

  • ČAḠRĪ BEG DĀWŪD

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    b. Mīḵāʾīl b. Saljūq, Abū Solaymān, a member of the Saljuqs, the leading family of the Oghuz Turks, who with his brother Ṭoḡrel (Ṭoḡrïl) Beg founded the Great Saljuq dynasty in Persia in the 5th/11th century.

  • ČAḠRĪ KHAN ʿALĪ

    Cross-reference

    See ILAK-KHANIDS.

  • ČĀH

    Marcel Bazin

    Well. Together with the well-known qanāt (subterranean water canals), wells (čāh) play a great part in the mobilization of the groundwater resources of Persia.

  • ČĀH-BAHĀR

    Eckart Ehlers

    Name of a town and bay on the Makrān coast of Persian Baluchistan facing the coast of Oman.