Table of Contents

  • BŪŠEHRĪ, ḤĀJĪ MOḤAMMAD

    Bāqer ʿĀqelī

    MOʿĪN-AL-TOJJĀR (1859-1933), a merchant active in the Constitutional Revolution.  

  • BŪSTĀN

    G. Michael Wickens

    in early sources referred to as Saʿdī-nāma, a moralistic and anecdotal verse work consisting of some 4,100 maṯnawī couplets by Shaikh Moṣleḥ-al-Dīn Saʿdī, completed in 1257. 

  • BŪSTĀNĪ, MĪRZĀ MOḤAMMAD

    Yuri Bregel

    ʿABD-AL-ʿAẒĪM SĀMĪ, poet and historian of Bukhara (b. ca. 1840, d. after 1914).

  • BUSTARD

    Hūšang Aʿlam and Derek A. Scott

    any of a family (Otididae) of game birds of which three species, generally called hūbar(r)a in contemporary Persian, occur in Iran.

  • BUYIDS

    Tilman Nagel

    (also Bowayhids, Buwaihids, etc.; Pers. Āl-e Būya), dynasty of Daylamite origin ruling over the southern and western part of Iran and over Iraq from the middle of the 4th/10th to the middle of the 5th/11th centuries.

  • BŪZĪNA

    Maḥmūd Omīdsālār

    monkeys. Other names: meymūn (common), ʿantar (vulgar), kappī (Mid. Pers. kabīg, from Indian kapi). Two myths of the creation of monkeys exist in the Zoroastrian literature.

  • BŪZJĀNĪ, ABU’L-WAFĀʾ

    Cross-reference

    See ABU’L-WAFĀʾ BŪZJĀNĪ.

  • BŪZJĀNĪ, DARWĪŠ ʿALĪ

    Heshmat Moayyad

    (d. after 1522), a Sufi scholar of Khorasan attached to Aḥmad-e Jām.

  • BYRON, ROBERT

    Robert Irwin

    (1905-1941), British travel writer and amateur historian of architecture. 

  • BYZANTINE-IRANIAN RELATIONS

    A. Shapur Shahbazi

    From the middle of the 1st century B.C. the Middle East was dominated by the political rivalries of the empires of Rome and Iran.