Table of Contents
G. Michael Wickens
in early sources referred to as Saʿdī-nāma, a moralistic and anecdotal verse work consisting of some 4,100 maṯnawī couplets by Shaikh Moṣleḥ-al-Dīn Saʿdī, completed in 1257.
ʿABD-AL-ʿAẒĪM SĀMĪ, poet and historian of Bukhara (b. ca. 1840, d. after 1914).
Hūšang Aʿlam and Derek A. Scott
any of a family (Otididae) of game birds of which three species, generally called hūbar(r)a in contemporary Persian, occur in Iran.
(also Bowayhids, Buwaihids, etc.; Pers. Āl-e Būya), dynasty of Daylamite origin ruling over the southern and western part of Iran and over Iraq from the middle of the 4th/10th to the middle of the 5th/11th centuries.
monkeys. Other names: meymūn (common), ʿantar (vulgar), kappī (Mid. Pers. kabīg, from Indian kapi). Two myths of the creation of monkeys exist in the Zoroastrian literature.
See ABU’L-WAFĀʾ BŪZJĀNĪ.
(d. after 1522), a Sufi scholar of Khorasan attached to Aḥmad-e Jām.
(1905-1941), British travel writer and amateur historian of architecture.
A. Shapur Shahbazi
From the middle of the 1st century B.C. the Middle East was dominated by the political rivalries of the empires of Rome and Iran.
Jack Martin Balcer
(Byzantion): contact with the Achaemenids (ca. 513-439 BCE). The Greek polis of Byzantium, in the European province of Thrace (OPers. Skudra), played a pivotal role in the Greco-Persian wars.
list of all the figure and plate images in the letter B entries.