Table of Contents
Vincent C. Pigott, James W. Allan
an alloy of two metals, copper and tin. When tin is alloyed with copper, it decreases the temperature at which the two metals will melt, increases fluidity during casting, and acts as a deoxidant. Although copper deposits occur with reasonable frequency throughout the highland zones of southwestern, sources of tin are far less common.
Vincent C. Pigott
i. In Pre-Islamic Iran. Current research supports the idea that copper deposits on the Iranian plateau were being mined for their arsenic-rich minerals and ores, and it is in these deposits that evidence of early workings must be sought.This Article Has Images/Tables.
James W. Allan
ii. In Islamic Iran. The most important copper-tin alloy used in Islamic Iran was a high-tin bronze with a tin content of about 20 percent. The production of bronze alloys was dependent on the supply of components.This Article Has Images/Tables.
Robert H. Dyson, Jr., and Mary M. Voigt
in Iranian archeology a term used informally for the period from the rise of trading towns in Iran, ca. 3400-3300 B.C., to the beginning of the Iron Age, ca. 1400-1300 B.C. It has long since lost any precise meaning in relation to technology.This Article Has Images/Tables.
Oscar White Muscarella
the accepted term for a distinct body of metalwork produced in the first half of the first millennium B.C. and characterized by a wide range of idiosyncratic forms and a highly stylized conception of human and animal representation.This Article Has Images/Tables.
G. Michael Wickens, Juan Cole, Kamran Ekbal
eminent British Iranologist (1862-1926). i. Browne’s life and academic career. ii. Browne on Babism and Bahaism. iii. Browne and the Persian Constitutional movement.
, Sir (1764-1847), English diplomat and author, ambassador to the court of Fatḥ-ʿAlī Shah Qājār from 1807 to 1811.
See ABŪ DOLAF.
C. Edmund Bosworth
(or Bāhalīm), military commanders and governors in northern India under the later Ghaznavid sultans in the late 5th/11th and early 6th/12th centuries.
See ĀL-E BŪ KORD.