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(1916-78), British orientalist, will perhaps best remembered for his work on the Mongol period of Iranian history.
(lit. royal houses), in the Safavid period (1501-1732) departments and production workshops within the royal household serving primarily the needs of the court.
the domestic goat. The earliest evidence for domestication of the goat has been found in Iran (ca. 10,000 B.C.), as have the largest number of prehistoric sites (ca. 7000 B.C.) showing traces of the systematic breeding of this animal.
Mohammad R. Ghanoonparvar
Azeri Turkish name for an Iranian dish usually called ābgūšt-e sabzī (green vegetable stew).
the traditional reading of the name of a mythical tribe in Māzandarān mentioned in the Šāh-nāma.
G. Whitney Azoy
(lit. “goat-dragging”), an equestrian folk game played by Turkic groups in Central Asia. Its origins are obscure; quite probably the game first developed as a recreational extension of livestock raiding.
one of the modes in traditional Iranian and Arabic music, mentioned for the first time by Ṣafī-al-Dīn ʿOrmavī among the twelve šodūd, later on called maqāmāt.
See QĀʾEMMAQĀM, MĪRZĀ BOZORG.
the second Ismaʿili ruler of Alamūt (1124-38). He was of Deylami origin from the region of Rūdbār.
the third class-rank of the four or five divisions of the early Sasanian aristocracy, namely šahryār “landholders,” wispuhr “princes” or members of the royal house, wuzurg “grandees,” āzād “nobles,” and kadag-xwadāy “householders.”