Table of Contents

  • BRITISH MUSEUM and BRITISH LIBRARY

    Cross-Reference

    See Supplement.

  • BRITISH PETROLEUM

    cross-reference

    See ANGLO-PERSIAN OIL COMPANY.

  • BROACH

    cross-reference

    See BHARUCHAS.

  • BROAD BEANS

    Cross-Reference

    See BĀQELĀ.

  • BROADBEAN

    cross-reference

    See BĀQELĀ.

  • BROCHT

    cross-reference

    See QEŠM.

  • BROCKELMANN, CARL

    Rudolph Sellheim

    German orientalist (1868-1956).During a long and serene life as a scholar Brock­elmann produced a wealth of fundamental publications. His monumental output represents the unity of Oriental studies in his time.

  • BRONZE

    Multiple Authors

    an alloy of two metals, copper and tin. When tin is alloyed with copper, it decreases the temperature at which the two metals will melt, increases fluidity during casting, and acts as a deoxidant. Although copper deposits occur with reasonable frequency throughout the highland zones of south­western, sources of tin are far less common.

  • BRONZE i. In pre-Islamic Iran

    Vincent C. Pigott

    Current understanding of early developments in copper-base metallurgy on the Iranian plateau is based largely on archeological excavations, archeometallurgical field surveys conducted by Theodore A. Wertime and colleagues and a team led by Thierry Berthoud, and from independent research by such scholars as D. L. Heskel, P. R. S. Moorey, J. D. Muhly, and A. R. Vatandoost-Haghighi.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • BRONZE ii. In Islamic Iran

    James W. Allan

    The most common copper alloys in use in Iran were brass and a quaternary alloy of copper, lead, zinc, and tin. As for bronze, two alloys should be differentiated: low-tin bronze, with a tin content of 10 percent or less, and high-tin bronze, with a tin content of about 20 percent.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.