Table of Contents

  • BYZANTIUM

    Jack Martin Balcer

    (Byzantion): contact with the Achaemenids (ca. 513-439 BCE). The Greek polis of Byzantium, in the European province of Thrace (OPers. Skudra), played a pivotal role in the Greco-Persian wars.

  • Banān - Kasi ke dar sar-e u

    music sample

  • BAYĀT-E TORK

    music sample

    sample of Bayāt-e Tork: a musical system (āvāznaḡma) and one of the branches of the modal system (dastgāh) of Šūr (q.v.) in traditional classical music.  

  • Bayāt-e Tork 2

    music sample

  • B~ CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    Cross-Reference

    list of all the figure and plate images in the letter B entries.