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G. Whitney Azoy
(lit. “goat-dragging”), an equestrian folk game played by Turkic groups in Central Asia. Its origins are obscure; quite probably the game first developed as a recreational extension of livestock raiding.
one of the modes in traditional Iranian and Arabic music, mentioned for the first time by Ṣafī-al-Dīn ʿOrmavī among the twelve šodūd, later on called maqāmāt.
See QĀʾEMMAQĀM, MĪRZĀ BOZORG.
the second Ismaʿili ruler of Alamūt (1124-38). He was of Deylami origin from the region of Rūdbār.
the third class-rank of the four or five divisions of the early Sasanian aristocracy, namely šahryār “landholders,” wispuhr “princes” or members of the royal house, wuzurg “grandees,” āzād “nobles,” and kadag-xwadāy “householders.”
Djalal Khaleghi Motlagh
identified in literature and legend as a vizier of Ḵosrow I Anōšīravān (r. 531-78). According to Persian and Arabic sources, he was characterized by exceptional wisdom and sage counsels.
Louis Vanden Berghe
a valley situated about 100 km southwest of Kāzerūn and 11 km by donkey path through the mountains from Sar Mašhad, Fārs. The most important ruin in the Bozpār valley is the building known locally as Gūr-e Doḵtar.This Article Has Images/Tables.
James R. Russell
Middle Persian name, attested only in Armenian, of a Zoroastrian school or body of religious teaching in the Sasanian period.
“manner, fashion, costume,” Middle Persian word used in connection with human beings, referring either to mode of behavior or to outward appearance.
Douglas A. Hitch
Indian script used for a variety of languages in Chinese Turkestan, including Iranian languages. From the Tarim Basin (Xinjiang, China) we have first-millennium documents in Brāhmī script in several Iranian languages.