Table of Contents


    J. Perry

    a Shiʿite tribe of Ḵūzestān. They range east and south of Ahvāz, between the Kārūn and Jarrāḥī rivers, to the south of Band-e Qīr and north of Māred.


    F. Thordarson

    “horse dedication,” a funeral rite practiced by the Ossetes until recent times.

  • BAY


    See BARG-E BŪ.

  • BAYĀN (1)

    J. T. P. de Bruijn

    term (lit. “statement,” “exposition,” “explanation”) from an early date encompassing the various arts of expression in speech and writing. Often ʿelm-e bayān merely denotes rhetoric as a whole.

  • BAYĀN (2)

    D. M. MacEoin

    term applied to the writings of the Bāb in general and to two late works in particular, the Bayān-e fārsī and al-Bayān al-ʿarabī.


    Tahsin Yazici

    , Shaikh Moṣtafā (d. 1597), a Turkish poet who composed on the ḡazals of Hāfeẓ.


    M. Dabīrsīāqī

    (1906-68), specialist in Persian manuscripts and calligraphy and pioneer in the field of Persian librarianship.


    G. Doerfer

    an important Turkish tribe. A substantial proportion of the Bayāt people must have entered Iran in the train of the Saljuq invaders in the first half of the 11th century.

  • BAYĀT(Ī)

    J. During

    one of the old modes of the Irano-Arabic musical tradition, mentioned for the first time by Šayḵ Ṣafadī (15th century).


    M. Caton

    or ĀVĀZ-e EṢFAHĀN, a musical system based on a specific collection of modal pieces (gūšahā) which are performed in a particular order.