Table of Contents

  • BAYĀN (1)

    J. T. P. de Bruijn

    term (lit. “statement,” “exposition,” “explanation”) from an early date encompassing the various arts of expression in speech and writing. Often ʿelm-e bayān merely denotes rhetoric as a whole.

  • BAYĀN (2)

    D. M. MacEoin

    term applied to the writings of the Bāb in general and to two late works in particular, the Bayān-e fārsī and al-Bayān al-ʿarabī.

  • BAYĀNI, JĀR-ALLĀH-ZĀDA

    Tahsin Yazici

    , Shaikh Moṣtafā (d. 1597), a Turkish poet who composed on the ḡazals of Hāfeẓ.

  • BAYĀNĪ, MEHDĪ

    M. Dabīrsīāqī

    (1906-68), specialist in Persian manuscripts and calligraphy and pioneer in the field of Persian librarianship.

  • BAYĀT

    G. Doerfer

    an important Turkish tribe. A substantial proportion of the Bayāt people must have entered Iran in the train of the Saljuq invaders in the first half of the 11th century.

  • BAYĀT(Ī)

    J. During

    one of the old modes of the Irano-Arabic musical tradition, mentioned for the first time by Šayḵ Ṣafadī (15th century).

  • BAYĀT-E EṢFAHĀN

    M. Caton

    or ĀVĀZ-e EṢFAHĀN, a musical system based on a specific collection of modal pieces (gūšahā) which are performed in a particular order.

  • BAYĀT-E KORD

    M. Caton

    or KORD-e BAYĀT, a part of the modal system (dastgāh) of Šūr in Persian music.

  • BAYĀT-E TORK

    M. Caton

    a musical system (āvāz, naḡma) and one of the branches of the modal system (dastgāh) of Šūr in traditional classical music.

  • BAYATỊ, GAPPO

    F. Thordarson

    (Ger.: Georg-Gappo Baiew; 1869-1939), Ossetic man of letters.