Table of Contents

  • BAUR, FERDINAND CHRISTIAN

    W. Sundermann

    (1792-1860), German theologian and scholar of Manicheism. Most important was Baur’s view of Manicheism, as a religion born at the watershed of the ancient and Christian worlds.

  • BAUSANI, ALESSANDRO

    Biancamaria Scarcia Amoretti

    (1921-1988), prolific Italian orientalist in several fields: Persian literature, Islam, linguistics, the history of Islamic science, Urdu, Indonesian, and other Islamic literatures.

  • BAVĀNĀTĪ

    Ī. Afšār

    , MĪRZĀ MOḤAMMAD-BĀQER, Persian man of letters, poet, instructor of Persian in London, and self-styled prophet (d. 1892-93).

  • BĀVANDIDS

    Cross-Reference

    See ĀL-E BĀVAND.

  • BĀVĪ

    P. Oberling

    (or Bābūʾī), a Luri-speaking tribe of the Kohgīlūya, in Fārs.

  • BĀWĪYA

    J. Perry

    a Shiʿite tribe of Ḵūzestān. They range east and south of Ahvāz, between the Kārūn and Jarrāḥī rivers, to the south of Band-e Qīr and north of Māred.

  • BÄX FÄLDISỊN

    F. Thordarson

    “horse dedication,” a funeral rite practiced by the Ossetes until recent times.

  • BAY

    Cross-Reference

    See BARG-E BŪ.

  • BAYĀN (1)

    J. T. P. de Bruijn

    term (lit. “statement,” “exposition,” “explanation”) from an early date encompassing the various arts of expression in speech and writing. Often ʿelm-e bayān merely denotes rhetoric as a whole.

  • BAYĀN (2)

    D. M. MacEoin

    term applied to the writings of the Bāb in general and to two late works in particular, the Bayān-e fārsī and al-Bayān al-ʿarabī.