Table of Contents

  • BOḴĀRĪ, ʿALĀʾ-AL-DĪN

    Wilferd Madelung

    ABŪ ʿABD-ALLĀH MOḤAMMAD b. ʿAbd-al-Raḥmān b. Aḥmad, Hanafite scholar of feqh, legal method, kalām theology, and preacher and moftī in Bukhara (d. 1151).

  • BOḴĀRĪ, ʿALĀʾ-AL-DĪN MOḤAMMAD

    Hamid Algar

    b. Moḥammad (d. 1400), close associate and primary successor of Bahāʾ-al-Dīn Naqš­band, the eponym of the Naqšbandī Sufi order.

  • BOḴĀRĪ, AMĪR AḤMAD

    Hamid Algar

    (d. 1516), a Sufi instrumental in establishing the Naqšbandī order in Turkey.

  • BOḴĀRĪ, JALĀL-AL-DĪN

    Richard M. Eaton

    , SHAIKH, popularly known as Maḵdūm-e Jahānīān and Jahāngašt, a celebrated Indo-Persian Sufi of Uch in the southern Punjab (1308-84).

  • BOḴĀRĪ, MOḤAMMAD-ŠARĪF

    Robert D. McChesney

    , ĀḴŪND MOLLĀ, also known as Šarīf-e Boḵārī and Mollā Šarīf, the leading Koran exegete and traditionist in Transoxiana (late 17th century).

  • BOKĀVOL

    David O. Morgan

    (büke’ül), a term used in the Il-khanid period and after for a royal food taster or, later and more commonly, a military commissariat officer.

  • BOKAYR B. MĀHĀN

    ʿAbbās Zaryāb

    MARVAZĪ, ABŪ HĀŠEM (d. 745-46), a leading ʿAbbasid propagandist (dāʿī).

  • BOḴT-ARDAŠĪR

    Jes P. Asmussen

    name of a town (Mid. Pers. rōstāg) that Ardašīr I is said to have founded as an expression of his gratitude to God during his flight from the court of the last Parthian king, Ardawān.

  • BOḴT-NARSA

    cross-reference

    See NEBUCHADNEZZAR.

  • BOḴTĪŠŪʿ

    Lutz Richter-Bernburg

    the name of the eponymous ancestor of a Syro-Persian Nestorian family of physicians from Gondēšāpūr, Ḵūzestān, 8th-11th centuries, and of several of its members.

  • BOLANDMĀZŪ

    cross-reference

    See BALŪṬ.

  • BOLBOL “nightingale”

    Hūšang Aʿlam, Jerome W. Clinton

    “nightingale.” i. The bird. ii. In Persian literature. The term bolbol is applied to at least three species of the genus Luscinia (fam. Turdidae). To Persian poets, however, all refer to a single bird, characterized by its sweet  or plaintive song, supposedly sung for its beloved, the rose.

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  • BOLBOL, AŠRAF DAYRĪ

    Giri L. Tikku

    Persian poet of Kashmir (1682-1775-6).

  • BOLOD

    Bertold Spuler

    CHʿENG-HSIANG (Pers. Pūlād Čīnksāng; d. 1313), the representative of the Great Khan Qubilai at the court of the Il-khans of Iran.

  • BOLOḠĀN ḴĀTŪN

    Charles Melville

    (Būlūḡān Ḵātūn), the name of three of the royal wives of the Mongol Il-khans in Iran. Of Mongol origin, the word Boloḡān, variously spelled in the Persian sources, means “sable.”

  • BOLŪḠ

    cross-reference

    See BĀLEḠ.

  • BOLŪR

    cross-reference

    (Ar. ballūr, bellawr) “rock crystal.” See CRYSTAL.

  • BOMBAY

    John R. Hinnells, Momin Mohiuddin and Ismail K. Poonawala

    Persian communities of Bombay.

  • BOMBAY PARSI PANCHAYAT

    John R. Hinnells

    the largest Zoroastrian institution in modern history, originally founded in the 17th century in order to maintain Zoroastrian family and social values at a time of dramatic change, when Parsis were migrating from rural Gujarat to cosmopolitan Bombay.

  • BONDĀR RĀZĪ

    Zabihollah Safa

    (or Pendār), poet in the 10th-11th centuries, named as the author of a small number of surviving poems, some in literary (Darī) Persian, others in his local dialect.