Table of Contents

  • BANDA

    W. Eilers, C. Herrenschmidt

    “servant.” i. The term. ii. Old Persian bandaka. Banda (NPers.) and its precursors bandak/bandag (Mid. Pers.) and bandaka (OPers.) meant “henchman, (loyal) servant, vassal,” but not “slave.”

  • BANDAR

    W. Eilers

    “harbor, seaport; commercial town.” The concept of bandar probably continues an old Oriental tradition. Its double meaning of “harbor” on a river or a sea and “town, center of commerce and communications” (also in the inland) agrees well with that of Akkadian kārum.

  • BANDAR ABBAS

    Multiple Authors

    a port city and capital of Hormozgan province on the Persian Gulf.

  • BANDAR ʿABBĀS i. The city

    X. De Planhol

    At the entrance to the Persian Gulf, Bandar-e ʿAbbās extends about 2 km along the shallow Clarence (ūrān) strait between Qešm island and the mainland.

  • BANDAR ABBAS ii. Basic Population Data, 1956-2011

    Mohammad Hossein Nejatian

    Bandar Abba has experienced a very high rate of population growth, increasing more than twenty five-fold from a population of 17,710 in 1956 to 435,751 in 2011.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • BANDAR-E GAZ

    X. De Planhol

    a port on the southern shore of Astarābād Bay in the southeastern Caspian Sea, a few kilometers from a group of nine hamlets known collectively as Gaz. The installation of Russians on the Āšūrāda islands after 1837 made it very important strategically.

  • BANDAR-E LENGA

    D. T. Potts

    (lat 26° 33’ N, long 54° 53’ E), a small port on the coast of Lārestān.

  • BANDAR-E MĀHŠAHR

    X. De Planhol

    (Bandar-e Maʿšūr), a port at the western end of the Persian Gulf, on the northern bank of the Ḵor-e Mūsā tideway, which forms the lower course of the Jar(r)āḥī river.

  • BANDAR-E PAHLAVĪ

    cross-reference

    See ANZALĪ.

  • BANDAR-E ŠĀH

    X. De Planhol

    (now Bandar-e Torkaman), a port on the southeastern Caspian Sea at the entrance of Astarābād Bay and about eight km south of the mouth of the Atrak. It was constructed from scratch during the 1930s at the terminus of the trans-Iranian railroad.

  • BANDAR-E ŠĀHPŪR

    X. De Planhol

    (Bandar-e Emām Ḵomeynī since the revolution of 1979), a port at the terminus of the trans-Iranian railroad, about 70 km from the Gulf along the northern shore of the Ḵor Mūsā, the outlet of the Jarāḥī river, which flows down from the Zagros mountains.

  • BANDARI

    Mikhail Pelevin

    the dialect spoken by the native population of Bandar ʿAbbās, administrative center of the Hormozgān province, and of its environs. Bandari belongs to the southwestern group of the Iranian languages. It is tightly encircled by a number of other, less known dialects located between Lārestān and Bašākerd.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • BANG

    G. Gnoli, ʿA.-A. Saʿīdī Sīrjānī

    a kind of narcotic plant. In older Arabic and Persian sources banj is applied to three different plants: hemp (Cannabis sativa or indica), henbane (Hyoseyamus niger, etc.), and jimsonweed (Datura stramonium). i. In ancient Iran.  ii. In modern Iran.

  • BANG KAUP, JOHANN WILHELM MAX JULIUS

    P. Zieme

    (known as Willy), German orientalist (1869-1934). From 1893 onward Bang Kaup also devoted time to research in the promising area of the Old Turkish stone inscriptions.

  • BANGĀLA

    Cross-Reference

    See BENGAL.

  • BANGAṦ

    D. Balland

    one of the least-known Pashtun tribes in the Solaymān range, Pakistan, and one of the few that are not named after eponymous ancestors.  

  • BANĪ ARDALĀN

    P. Oberling

    a Kurdish tribe of northwestern Iran, now dispersed in Sanandaj (Senna) and surrounding villages.

  • BANĪ ḤARDĀN

    J. Perry

    a Shiʿite Arab tribe of Howayza (Ḥawīza) district in Ḵūzestān.

  • BANĪ LĀM

    J. Perry

    a numerous and historically important Shiʿite Arab tribe of northwestern Ḵūzestān, southern Lorestān, and adjacent parts of Iraq.

  • BANĪ SĀLA

    J. Perry

    a Shiʿite Arab tribe of Howayza (Ḥawīza) district in Ḵūzestān.