Table of Contents

  • BADR-AL-DĪN SERHENDĪ

    Y. Friedmann

    (b. ca. 1593-94), a Sufi author, translator, and disciple of Aḥmad Serhendī.

  • BADR-AL-DĪN TABRĪZĪ

    H. Crane

    architect and savant active in Konya in Anatolia during the third quarter of the 13th century. 

  • BĀDRANG

    Cross-Reference

    See BĀLANG; CITRUS FRUITS.

  • BADRĪ KAŠMĪRĪ

    Z. Safa

    Persian poet in India in the second half of the 16th century.

  • BĀDRŪDI

    E. Yarshater

    one of the local dialects of the Kāšān region, spoken in Bādrūd, a dehestān (rural district) of Naṭanz.

  • BĀDŪSPĀN

    X. de Planhol

    in medieval geography, a mountainous district of northern Iran on the Caspian side of the Alborz mountains, in Ṭabarestān (Māzandarān).

  • BADUSPANIDS

    W. Madelung

    a dynasty ruling Rūyān and Rostamdār from the late 11th to the 16th century with the title of ostandār and later of king.

  • BĀFQ

    C. E. Bosworth

    a small oasis town of central Iran (altitude 1,004 m) on the southern fringe of the Dašt-e Kavīr, 100 km southeast of Yazd in the direction of Kermān.

  • BĀFQĪ, MOḤAMMAD-TAQĪ

    H. Algar

    , AYATOLLAH (1875-1946), a religious scholar known for his forthright opposition to Reżā Shah Pahlavī.

  • BĀḠ (BAGH)

    Multiple Authors

    “garden.”  In Iranian agriculture, the word bāḡ means, more precisely, an enclosed area bearing permanent cultures— all kinds of cultivated trees and shrubs, as opposed to fields under annual crops.