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the northwestern province of Azerbaijan can look back on a long history. For the earliest periods, however, archeological research has barely begun.
C. E. Bosworth
Background. Azerbaijan formed a separate province of the early Islamic caliphate, but its precise borders varied in different periods.
occupation reasons for which included creation of a supply route from the Persian Gulf to Russia and protection of allied interests from the threat posed by the Germans.This Article Has Images/Tables.
tribalism is no longer of great social relevance for most Azerbaijanis, but most have a recent history of tribal allegiances, whether Turkish or Kurdish.
Āḏarī (Ar. al-āḏarīya) was the Iranian language of Azerbaijan before the spread of the Turkish language, commonly called Azeri, in the region.
Oghuz languages were earlier grouped into Turkish (of Turkey), Azeri, and Turkmen, but recent research has modified this simple picture.
perhaps after Uzbek, the Turkic language upon which Iranian has exerted the strongest impact—mainly in phonology, syntax and vocabulary, less in morphology.
H. Javadi and K. Burrill
Due to bilingualism among the educated Turkic-speaking people of the area the use of Azeri prose was widespread until the reign of Reżā Shah Pahlavi (r. 1925-41).
connected with the Irano-Arabo-Turkish art of the maqām; the Iranian elements in the development of the Azeri tradition were numerous.This Article Has Images/Tables.
The Iranian provinces of Azerbaijan, both West and East, possess a large number of monuments from all periods of history.