Table of Contents
R. H. Hewsen
region of central Armenia in the broad plain of the upper Araxes.
(in Persian often Āyromlū), Turkic tribe of western Azerbaijan.
army commander and the head of the police under Reżā Shah (r. 1304-20 Š./1925-41).
(palace, veranda, balcony, portico), a Persian word used also in Arabic (īwān, līwān) and Turkish.
E. J. Keall
Ayvān-e Kesrā has been described in Arabic and Persian sources and is the subject of a moving qaṣīda by the poet Ḵāqānī who visited its ruins in mid-6th/12th century. Once the most famous of all Sasanian monuments and a landmark in the history of architecture, it is now only an imposing brick ruin.This Article Has Images/Tables.
Cl. Cahen, W. L. Hanaway, Jr.
a noun meaning literally “vagabond,” applied to members of medieval fotowwa (fotūwa) brotherhoods and comparable popular organizations.
I. K. Poonawala
Imami jurist and scholar of the 3rd-4th/9th-10th centuries.
a short treatise by Abū Ḥāmed Moḥammad Ḡazālī Ṭūsī (fl. 450-505/1058-1111), originally composed in Persian.
B. AMĪR ŠĒR ʿALĪ KHAN. See MOḤAMMAD AYYŪB KHAN.
R. S. Humphreys
(Ar. Banū Ayyūb), a Kurdish family who first became prominent as members of the Zangid military establishment in Syria in the mid-sixth/twelfth century.