Table of Contents

  • ANĀMAKA

    R. Schmitt

    name of the tenth month (December-January) of the Old Persian calendar.

  • ANAND RAM MOKLES

    B. Ahmad

    Chronicler, lexicographer, and poet of the later Mughal period (1111-64/1699-1750.

  • ĀNANDRĀJ, FARHANG-E

    Cross-Reference

    Persian dictionary by Monšī Moḥammad Bādšāh, completed in 1306/1888. See FARHANG-E ĀNANDRĀJ.

  • ANANIAS OF SHIRAK

    Cross-Reference

    (7th century), scholar, to whom (or to a pseudo-MOVSĒS XORENAC‘I) is attributed the anonymous work Armenian Geography (Ašxarhac‘oyc‘). On this work, see MARKWART, JOSEF.

  • ANANTAMUKHANIRHĀRADHĀRAṆĪ

    R. E. Emmerick

    the name of a Buddhist text belonging to the Mahayanist Tantric tradition. 

  • ANAPHAS

    R. Schmitt

    Persian male name.

  • ANĀRAK

    C. E. Bosworth

    a baḵš and its town on the southern fringes of the Dašt-e Kavīr.

  • ANĀRAKI

    G. L. Windfuhr

    the dialect of Anārak, a town with 2,100 inhabitants in the Bīābānak region northeast of the city of Nāʾīn.

  • ANATOLIA

    Cross-Reference

    and its relations with Iran: see Asia Minor.

  • ANAW

    T. C. Young, Jr., G. A. Pugachenkova

    village and archeological site at the foot of the Kopet-Dag mountains east of Ashkhabad in Soviet Turkestan.

  • ANA’L-ḤAQQ

    A. Schimmel

    “I am the Truth,” the most famous of the Sufi šaṭḥīyāt (ecstatic utterances, or paradoxes).

  • ʿANBAR

    Ž. Mottaḥedīn

    (ambergris), a waxy, aromatic substance produced in the intestines of stomach of the sperm whale and used in perfumery.

  • ANBĀR

    M. Morony

    (Pers. term meaning granary), a town on the left bank of the Euphrates five km northwest of Fallūǰa and sixty-two km west of Baghdad. 

  • ANBAR

    C. E. Bosworth

    (or ANBĪR), a town of the medieval Islamic province of Gūzgān or Jūzǰān in northern Afghanistan, probably to be identified with the modern Sar-e Pol.  

  • ʿANBARĀN

    Marcel Bazin

    a township and district (baḵš) in the Namin sub-provincial district (šahrestān) of Ardabil Province.

  • ANBARĀNĪ Dialect

    Cross-Reference

    See ṬĀLEŠĪ.

  • ʿANBARĪ, ABU’L-ʿABBĀS

    C. E. Bosworth

    4th-5th/10th-11th century poet and prose stylist of Khorasan and statesman in the service of the Qarakhanids.

  • ANBARĪĀN FAMILY

    C. E. Bosworth

    a distinguished family of officials, littérateurs, ʿolamāʾ, and traditionists from Bayhaq (modern Sabzavār).

  • ANBARIN QALAM, ‘ABD-AL-RAḤĪM

    Cross-Reference

    See ʿABD-AL-RAḤĪM ʿANBARĪN QALAM.

  • ANCIENT LETTERS

    N. Sims-Williams

    The group consists of five almost complete letters and a number of fragments of similar letters. Each letter was folded several times and bore the names of the sender and addressee on the outside. Most were tied with string; one letter was wrapped in silk and enclosed in an envelope of coarse cloth addressed to Samarkand.

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