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the fourth son of Kay Qobād in certain texts of the Šāh-nāma.
See ARMENIA AND IRAN i.
J. W. Allan
The earliest armor fragments yet found in Iran come from the western part of the country and date from the late 2nd and early 1st millennium BCE.This Article Has Images/Tables.
Boris A. Litvinsky
By the 6th, or even 7th, century BCE, the Scythian and Northern Caucasian nomads had formed a complete complex of defensive armor.
a survey from early pre-Islamic times to the mid-20th century.
A. Sh. Shahbazi
materials for a study of pre-Islamic Iranian military concerns fall into four categories: textual evidence; archeological finds; documentary representations (on monuments and objects of art); and philological deductions.
C. E. Bosworth
Arab armies which overran Sasanian Iraq and Iran in the middle decades of the 7th century A.D. comprised essentially the levée en masse of the male, free Muslim Arab cavalrymen.
Shah Esmaʿil's army was comprised of tribal units, the majority of which were Turkmen, the remainder Kurds and Čaḡatāy.
at the end of the 18th century, the military forces of the first Qajar ruler Āḡā Moḥammad Khan (r. 1789-97) resembled those of preceding dynasties.
J. R. Perry
The composition of the army, its role in the state, and its effectiveness changed appreciably from late Safavid to early Qajar times.This Article Has Images/Tables.