Table of Contents

  • ART IN IRAN x.2 Qajar Painting

    B. W. Robinson

    The unsettled political situation following the death of Karīm Khan left little opportunity for schools of painting to flourish and develop. But even before their rise to supreme power the Qajars had captured the services of at least one painter who set a high standard for the first generation of their rule.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • ART IN IRAN xi. POST-QAJAR

    K. Emāmī

    About the mid-1950s, Iranian modernists started to receive official encouragement via the Department General of Fine Arts (later to become the Ministry of Arts and Culture).

  • ART IN IRAN xii. IRANIAN PRE-ISLAMIC ELEMENTS IN ISLAMIC ART

    Maria Vittoria Fontana

    Iranian pre-Islamic elements contributed to the formation and development of Islamic art, and they can be easily recognized in various contexts.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • ARTA

    Cross-Reference

    See ARDWAHIŠT and AŠA.

  • ARTABANUS (Arsacid kings)

    K. Schippmann

    name borne by several Arsacid kings.

  • ARTABANUS (Old Persian proper name)

    M. A. Dandamayev

    Latinized form of an Old Persian proper name.

  • ARTABAZANES

    C. J. Brunner

    autonomous ruler of Armenia who submitted to the Seleucid king Antiochus III in 220 B.C., when the latter invaded his country.

  • ARTABAZUS

    M. A. Dandamayev

    Old Iranian personal name.

  • ARTABĒ

    M. A. Dandamayev

    the Greek form of a Median and Old Persian measure of volume.

  • ARTACHAIĒS

    A. Sh. Shahbazi

    Greek rendering of an Old Iranian name.

  • ARTAḪŠAR

    Cross-Reference

    See ARTOXARES.

  • ARTAMANIA

    M. Mayrhofer

    prince of Zi-ri-ba-ša-ni, who wrote a letter of devotion to the pharaoh of Egypt.

  • ARTAPHRENĒS

    P. Lecoq

    name given by Herodotus for the son of Hystaspes and brother of Darius I, and of various other Persians in Greek literature.

  • ARTAŠŠUMARA

    M. Mayrhofer

    a Mitannian king.

  • ARTASYRAS

    M. A. Dandamayev

    Old Iranian name *Ṛta-sūra “powerful through Arta”.

  • ARTATĀMA

    M. Mayrhofer

    king of Mitanni.

  • ARTAVARDIYA

    M. A. Dandamayev

    Old Persian personal name, meaning “doer of Justice.”

  • ARTAVASDES

    R. Schmitt

    Old Iranian male personal name.

  • ARTAXATA

    R. H. Hewsen

    a city of ancient Armenia founded ca. 176 B.C. by King Artaxias I.A

  • ARTAXERXES

    R. Schmitt

    throne name of several Persian kings of the Achaemenid dynasty.