Table of Contents

  • ĀQĀ KHAN KERMĀNĪ

    M. Bayat

    (1854-55 to 1896), Iranian writer and intellectual, and an outstanding example of a first-generation secular nationalist. His main goal seems to have been the upholding of reason and modern science, both of which he viewed as directly and unavoidably opposed to religion. His lifetime struggle was in the name of Iran rather than Islam.

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  • ĀQĀ KHAN NŪRĪ

    Cross-Reference

    (1807-1865), prime minister (ṣadr-e aʿẓam) of Persia (1851-58) under Nāṣer-al-Dīn Shah Qajar. See EʿTEMĀD-AL-DAWLA, ĀQĀ KHAN NURI.

  • ĀQĀ MĪRAK

    P. P. Soucek

    prominent painter of the 10th/16th century in the workshop of the Safavid Shah Ṭahmāsp (r. 930-84/1524-76).

  • ĀQĀ MOḤAMMAD KHAN QĀJĀR

    Cross-Reference

    See ĀḠĀ MOḤAMMAD KHAN.

  • ĀQĀ NAJAFĪ EṢFAHĀNĪ

    A.-H. Hairi

    (1262-1332/1846-1914), prominent religious leader involved with a number of important political events of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

  • ĀQĀ NAJAFĪ QŪČĀNI

    A.-H. Hairi

    (1295-1362/1878-1943), religious authority and constitutionalist.

  • ĀQĀ REŻĀ HERAVĪ

    P. P. Soucek

    a painter closely associated with Prince Salīm, the later Emperor Jahāngīr, during the latter’s residence in Allahabad (1008-13/1599-1605). 

  • ĀQĀ TABRĪZĪ

    Hasan Javadi and Farrokh Gaffary

    MĪRZĀ, 19th-century civil servant and writer.

  • ĀQĀ ZANJĀNĪ

    P. P. Soucek

    MĪRZĀ, also known as Ḵamsaʾī, a calligrapher active between 1869-70 and 1890.

  • ĀQĀSĪ

    A. Amanat

    ḤĀJJĪ MĪRZĀ ABBĀS ĪRAVĀNĪ (ca. 1198-1265/1783-1848), grand vizier of Moḥammad Shah Qāǰār (r. 1834-48),  1835-48.

  • ĀQČA

    D. Balland

    (or AQČA), a small market town in north Afghanistan, situated on the western edge of the great piedmont oasis of the Balḵāb river.

  • AQD

    A. H. Betteridge and H. Javadi

    marriage contract, marriage contract ceremony.

  • ʿAQD-NĀMA

    L. S. Diba

    contract, now specifically marriage contract.

  • ʿAQDĀ

    C. E. Bosworth

    a small settlement and subdistrict (dehestān) in the district (baḵš) of Ardakān-e Yazd.

  • AQDAS

    A. Bausani

    more fully al-Ketāb al-aqdas (Pers. Ketāb-e aqdas), “The Most Holy Book,” written in Arabic by Bahāʾallāh, the founder of the Bahāʾī religion.

  • ʿĀQEL KHAN RĀZĪ

    S. Maqbul Ahmad

    Indo-Muslim man of letters, historian, and mystic (d. 1108/1696).

  • ʿĀQEL, MIRZA MOḤAMMAD

    M. Baqir

     Kashmiri poet and courtier who flourished in the first half of the 12th/18th century.

  • ʿĀQEL, MOḤAMMAD

    M. L. Siddiqui

    entitled Korīǰa, mystic of the Panjab (d. 1229/1814). 

  • ĀQEVLI, FARAJ-ALLĀH

    Bāqer ʿĀqeli

    Faraj-Allāh Āqevli went to school in Isfahan and Tehran. After graduating, he taught history and geography at the Adab and Neẓām (military) schools, and was for a time an accountant in the Ministry of Finance. During the coup d’etat of 1299/1921, Āqevli had the rank of colonel.

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  • ʿAQL

    F. Rahman, W. C. Chittick

     “intellect, intelligence, reason”.