Table of Contents

  • ANJOMAN-E ZARTOŠTĪĀN

    M. Kasheff

    (Society of Zoroastrians), the designation of formally instituted Zoroastrian associations in Iran.

  • ANJOMANĀRĀ, FARHANG-E

    R. ʿAfīfī

    Persian-language dictionary compiled by Reżā-qolī Khan Hedāyat (1215-88/1800-71) known as Lala-bāšī.

  • ʿANKABŪTĪĀN

    Cross-Reference

    See ARACHNIDS.

  • ANKLESARIA, BAHRAMGORE TAHMURAS

    K. M. JamaspAsa and M. Boyce

    (1873-1944), Parsi scholar, son of Tahmuras Dinshah Anklesaria, born and educated in Bombay.

  • ANKLESARIA, PESHOTAN KAVASHAH

    K. M JamaspAsa and M. Boyce

    (1928-69), Parsi priest and scholar born at Broach.  

  • ANKLESARIA, TAHMURAS DINSHAH

    K. M. Jamaspasa and M. Boyce

    (1842-1903), Parsi priest and scholar.

  • ʿANNAZIDS

    K. M. Aḥmad

    (BANŪ ʿANNĀZ), a Kurdish dynasty (r. ca. 380-510/990-1117).

  • ANŌŠAG-RUWĀN

    C. J. Brunner

    "of immortal soul", originally a respectful euphemism, becoming in the Islamic period an aristocratic proper name.

  • ANŌŠAZĀD

    Dj. Khaleghi-Motlagh

    (in the Šāh-nāma, Nōšzād; the name means “son of the immortal”), a son of Ḵosrow I Anōšīravān and leader of a revolt in ca. 550 CE.

  • ANŌŠĪRAVĀN

    Cross-Reference

    See ḴOSROW I.

  • ANQARAVĪ, ROSŪḴ-AL-DĪN

    H. Algar

    (also known as Rosūḵī Dede; d. 1041/1631), a shaikh in the Mawlawī order and author of the most important traditional commentary on theMaṯnawī of Jalāl-al-dīn Rūmī.

  • ANQUETIL-DUPERRON

    J. Duchesne-Guillemin

    (1731-1805), French orientalist, born in Paris on 7 December 1731. In June, 1759, he was able to send news to Paris that he had completed (in three months) a translation of that Vendidad.

  • ANṢARĪ, ʿALĪ-QOLĪ KHAN

    M. Kasheff

    MOŠĀWER-AL-MAMĀLEK (1868-1940), a career diplomat under the late Qajars. 

  • ANṢĀRĪ, ḴᵛĀJA ʿABDALLĀH

    Cross-Reference

    See ʿABDALLĀH ANṢĀRĪ.

  • ANṢĀRĪ, MĪRZĀ SAʿĪD KHAN

    Cross-Reference

    MOʾTAMEN-AL-MOLK. See MOʾTAMEN-AL-MOLK.

  • ANṢĀRĪ, SHAIKH MORTAŻĀ

    S. Murata

    B. MOḤAMMAD AMĪN (1799-1864), 1799-1864), important author of works on feqh.

  • ANSHAN

    J. Hansman

    (or ANZAN), the name of an important Elamite region in western Fārs and of its chief city.

  • ANṬĀKĪYA

    Cross-Reference

    See ANTIOCH.

  • ANTHROPOLOGY

    B. Spooner

    (Persian mardomšenāsī), social and cultural, in Iran and Afghanistan.

  • ANTHROPOMORPHISM

    J. Duchesne-Guillemin

    in Iranian religions. Ahura Mazdā in the Gāthās was conceived of, although invisible and immortal, as of human form, with eyes, hands, and tongue; but he was of gigantic size.