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an original and independent source prepared by Qoṭb-al-Dīn Širāzi on the reign of the Il-Khan Hulāgu Khan and his immediate successors, Abaqa and Aḥmad Tegüdār.
R. M. Eaton
Official history of the reign of the Mughal Emperor Akbar (964-1015/1556-1605), including a statistical gazetteer of sixteenth century North India, compiled by Abu’l-Fażl ʿAllāmī.
A leading exponent of the Aḵbārī school of Islamic jurisprudence (feqh) and a violent polemicist against its opponents (1178-1233/1765-1818).
A school in Imamite Shiʿism which maintains that the traditions (aḵbār) of the Imams are the main source of religious knowledge, in contrast to the Oṣūlī school.
M. A. Dandamayev
(Greek Akēs), a river in Central Asia, the modern Tejen or Harī-rūd (q.v.).
a late 12th-century ruler of the Šervānšāh dynasty, patron of the poet Ḵāqānī Šervānī.
Akhavan completed his elementary education in Mashad and entered the city's Technical School in 1941 to study welding; he graduated in 1947. He was attracted to music in his youth and, wary of his father’s displeasure, secretly learned to play the tār.This Article Has Images/Tables.
photographer and pioneer motion-picture cameraman (1874-1915).
“ethics” (plural form of ḵoloq “inborn character, moral character, moral virtue”).
(“The ethics of the aristocracy”), a satire composed in 740/1340-41, the most important work of ʿObayd Zākānī.