Table of Contents

  • ĀL-E JALĀYER

    Cross-Reference

    See JALAYERIDS.

  • ĀL-E ḴAMĪS

    Cross-Reference

    See ʿARAB.

  • ĀL-E KART

    B. Spuler

    or perhaps ĀL-E KORT, an east Iranian dynasty (643-791/1245-1389).

  • ĀL-E KAṮĪR

    J. Qāʾem-Maqāmī

    an Arab tribe of Ḵūzestān composed of two subtribes, Bayt Saʿd and Bayt Karīm and inhabiting two sectors of Šūš and Dezfūl.

  • ĀL-E MĀKŪLĀ

    D. M. Dunlop

    a Persian noble family prominent at Baghdad in the 5th/11th century.

  • ĀL-E MAʾMŪN

    C. E. Bosworth

    Their rise is connected with the growth of the commercial center of Gorgānǰ in northwest Ḵᵛārazm and its rivalry with the capital of the Afrighids, Kāt or Kāṯ, on the right bank of the Oxus. Gorgānǰ flourished especially because of its position as the terminus for caravan trade across the Ust Urt desert to the Emba.

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  • ĀL-E MĪKĀL

    R. W. Bulliet

    the leading aristocratic family of western Khorasan from the 3rd/9th to the 5th/11th century.

  • ĀL-E MOḤTĀJ

    C. E. Bosworth

    a local dynasty, most probably of Iranian origin but conceivably of Iranized Arab stock, who ruled in the principality of Čaḡānīān on the right bank of the upper Oxus in the basin of the Sorḵān river.

  • ĀL-E MOẒAFFAR

    Cross-Reference

    See MOZAFFARIDS.

  • ĀL-E ŠANSAB

    Cross-Reference

    See GHURIDS.

  • ĀL-E VARDĀNZŪR

    Cross-Reference

    See ATĀBAKĀN-E YAZD.

  • ĀL-E ZĪĀR

    Cross-Reference

    See ZIYARIDS.

  • ʿALĀʾ

    H. Busse

    vizier of Fārs under the Buyid rulers Šaraf-al-dawla and Ṣamṣām-al-dawla.

  • ĀLĀ DĀḠ

    E. Ehlers

    name of a number of mountains in Iran; of Turkish origin, the words mean “colored mountain.”

  • ALA, HOSAYN

    Mansureh Ettehadieh and EIr.

    (1882-1964), statesman, diplomat, minister, and prime minister during the late Qajar and Pahlavi periods. He served as a high-ranking official from the Constitutional Revolution of 1906-07 to the time of the White Revolution of 1963-64.

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  • ʿALĀʾ-AL-DAWLA

    Cross-Reference

    See ABŪ KĀLĪJĀR GARŠĀSP.

  • ʿALĀʾ-AL-DAWLA

    Ḥ. Maḥbūbī Ardakānī

    (d. 1299/1882), notable of the Qajar tribe and holder of high offices under Nāṣer-al-dīn Shah.

  • ʿALĀʾ-AL-DAWLA ʿALĪ

    C. E. Bosworth

    (511-34/1117-40), ruler of the Espahbadīya line of the local dynasty of the Bavandids in the Caspian region of Māzandarān.

  • ʿALĀʾ-AL-DAWLA ḎUʾL-QADAR

    R. M. Savory

    early 9th/15th century ruler of Maṛʿaš and Albestān in the kingdom of Little Armenia, east of the Taurus mountains. 

  • ʿALĀʾ-AL-DAWLA ḤASAN B. ROSTAM

    W. Madelung

    B. ʿALĪ B. ŠAHRĪĀR, ŠARAF-AL-MOLŪK, Bavandid ruler of Māzandarān. According to the account of Ebn Esfandīār, he reigned from 558/1163 to 566/1171.