Table of Contents
F. M. Kotwal and J. W. Boyd
“blessing,” benedictory prayers said at the conclusion of every Zoroastrian ceremony of blessings (āfrinagān).
M. F. Kanga
a term for one of the outer Zoroastrian liturgical services.
P. P. Soucek
(“sprinkling”), the decoration of paper with flecks of gold and silver, sometimes called zarafšān “gold sprinkling.”
one of the 24 original Ḡuz Turkic tribes.
See AḤMAD SOLṬĀN.
Ḥ. Maḥbūbī Ardakānī
court physician under Moḥammad Shah Qāǰār.
one of the twelve dastgāhs or modal systems of classical Iranian music. In the contemporary tradition, Afšārī is customarily classified as a derivative of the dastgāh Šūr. In fact, however, Afšārī is quite independent and possesses its own modal characteristics as well as its own forūd (cadence) pattern.This Article Has Images/Tables.
J. R. Perry
actual power was exercised for most of this sixty years not by the nominal ruler but by military leaders or other court factions, and for a brief time by Solaymān II, whose reign was an attempted Safavid restoration. The remaining parts of Nāder’s empire were now the sphere of the Zand dynasty in western Iran.This Article Has Images/Tables.
C. E. Bosworth
princely title of the rulers of Ošrūsana at the time of the Muslim conquest, the most famous of whom was Ḵeyḏār (Ḥaydar) b. Kāvūs, d. Šaʿbān, 226/May-June, 841.
ʿA. Kārang and F. R. C. Bagley
founder of the semi-independent Sajid dynasty in Azerbaijan (r. 276/889-90-317/929).