Table of Contents

  • ʿALĪ KHAN AMĪN AL-DAWLA, MĪRZĀ

    Cross-Reference

    , MĪRZĀ. See AMĪN-AL-DAWLA.

  • ʿALĪ KHAN ḤĀJEB-AL-DAWLA

    H. Busse

    Qajar official (1222-84/1807-08 to 1867).

  • ALI KOSH

    Cross-Reference

    See ʿALĪKOŠ.

  • ʿALI MARDĀN KHAN

    Mehrnoush Soroush

    (d. Lahore, 1657), military leader and administrator under Safavid kings Shah ʿAbbās I and Shah Ṣafi, and Mughal ruler Shah Jahān.

  • ʿALĪ MĪRZĀ

    R. M. Savory

    (d. 899/1494), eldest son of Shaikh Ḥaydar, head of the Safavid ṭarīqa, and ʿAlamšāh Begom, daughter of the Āq Qoyunlū ruler Uzun Ḥasan.

  • ʿALĪ MOTTAQĪ

    M. Baqir

    Saint and Hadith scholar of India (885-975/1481-1567).

  • ʿALĪ QĀʾENĪ

    P. P. Soucek

    usually known as SOLṬĀN-ʿALĪ, calligrapher active in Herat and Tabrīz during the late 9th/15th and early 10th/16th centuries.

  • ʿALĪ QĀʾENĪ

    D. Pingree

    mathematician.

  • ʿĀLĪ QĀPŪ

    P. P. Soucek

    The organization of the building suggests its general function. The lower passageway served as a gateway to the Safavid palaces west of the maydān, while the upper levels were used for royal receptions and entertainments. Pietro della Valle has written of official receptions held in the chambers of the five-storied square building.

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  • ʿALĪ QŪŠJĪ

    F. Rahman, D. Pingree

    (QŪŠJŪ), theologian and scientist (d. 879/1474). 

  • ʿALĪ TABRĪZĪ (woodcarver)

    H. Crane

    15th-century woodcarver.

  • ʿALĪ, AMĪR SAYYED

    Cross-Reference

    See ʿALĪ AL-AʿLĀ.

  • ʿALĪ, ḴᵛĀJA

    H. Horst

    also known as SAYYED ʿALĪ ʿAJAMĪ (b. ca. 770/1368-69, d. 830/1427 or 832/1429), an ancestor of the Safavid royal family, the son of Shaikh Ṣadr-al-dīn and grandson of Shaikh Ṣafī-al-dīn Ardabīlī. 

  • ʿĀLĪ, NEʿMAT KHAN

    M. U. Memon

    Satirist, historian, and Persian poet of Mughal India (d. 1121/1709-10).

  • ʿALĪʾ-AL-DĪN ATSÏZ

    C. E. Bosworth

    a late and short-reigned sultan of the Ghurid dynasty in Afghanistan (607-11/1210-14).

  • ʿALĪ-AṢḠAR KHAN AMĪN-AL-SOLṬĀN

    Cross-Reference

    See ATĀBAK-E AʿẒAM.

  • ʿALĪ-MOḤAMMAD KHAN BAHĀDOR

    Hameed ud-Din

    Historian of the Mughals and author of Merʾāt-e Aḥmadī (ca. 1111/1700-1177/1763).

  • ʿALĪ-MOḤAMMAD ḴORĀSĀNĪ

    Cross-Reference

    MĪRZĀ. See EBN AṢDAQ.

  • ʿALĪ-MOḤAMMAD ŠĪRĀZĪ

    Cross-Reference

    See BĀBISM.

  • ʿALĪ-MOḤAMMAD WARQĀ

    Cross-Reference

    MĪRZĀ. See WARQĀ.

  • ʿALĪ-MORĀD KHAN ZAND

    J. R. Perry

    (r. 1195-99/1781-85), fourth of the Zand rulers.

  • ʿALĪ-NAQĪ

    R. Skelton

    a Safavid miniature painter, whose works follow the manner of his father, Shaikh ʿAbbāsī; he is known from the inscriptions on seven paintings dated between 1684-85 and 1700-01.

  • ʿALĪ-QOLĪ JOBBA-DĀR

    P. P. Soucek

    painter active in Qazvīn and Isfahan during the late 11th/17th and early 12th/18th centuries.

  • ʿALĪ-QOLĪ KHAN (MOṢṬAFĀ PASHA)

    D. M. Lang

    later known as MOṢṬAFĀ PASHA (ca. 1680-1727), Safavid (later Ottoman) wālī or viceroy of Kʿarṭʿli (Georgia), residing at Tiflis.

  • ʿALĪ-QOLĪ KHAN

    A. Amanat

    (d. 1240/1824-25), the youngest of nine sons of Moḥammad Ḥasan Khan Qāǰār and half brother of Āḡā (more correctly Āqā) Moḥammad Khan.

  • ʿALĪ-QOLĪ KHAN AFŠĀR

    Cross-Reference

    See ʿĀDEL SHAH.

  • ʿALĪ-QOLĪ KHAN ANṢĀRĪ

    Cross-Reference

    See ANṢĀRĪ.

  • ʿALĪ-QOLĪ KHAN MOḴBER-AL-DAWLA

    Cross-Reference

    See MOḴBER-AL-DAWLA.

  • ʿALĪ-QOLĪ KHAN ŠĀMLŪ

    R. N. Savory

    (d. 977/1589), Safavid governor of Herat and guardian of the future Shah ʿAbbās I. 

  • ʿALĪ-QOLĪ KHAN WĀLEH

    W. Kirmani

    Persian poet at the Mughal court (1124-69/1712-56).

  • ʿALĪ-REŻĀ ABBĀSĪ

    P. P. Soucek

    10th-11th/16th-17th century calligrapher born and trained in Tabrīz but active principally in Qazvīn and Isfahan.

  • ʿALĪ-REŻĀ KHAN QĀJĀR

    Cross-Reference

    See AŻOD-AL-MOLK.

  • ʿALĪ-ŠĪR NAVĀʾĪ, AMĪR

    Cross-Reference

    See NAVĀʾĪ.

  • ʿALIDS

    W. Madelung

    OF ṬABARESTĀN, DAYLAMĀN, AND GĪLĀN. From its beginnings in 250/864 until the early Safavid age, ʿAlid rule in the coastal regions south of the Caspian Sea was based chiefly on Zaydī Shiʿite support.

  • ʿALĪKOŠ

    F. Hole

    an archeological site dating to the 8th millennium B.C. in southwestern Iran, near the modern town of Deh Lorān.

  • ʿALĪŠĀH BOḴĀRĪ

    D. Pingree

    7th/13th century astronomer.

  • ʿALĪŠĀH, TĀJ-AL-DĪN

    B. Spuler

    vizier of the two Il-khans Ölǰeytü (r. 703-17/1304-16) and Abū Saʿīd (r. 717-36/1317-35).

  • ʿALĪTIGIN

    C. E. Bosworth

    the usual name in the sources for ʿALĪ B. ḤASAN or HĀRŪN BOḠRA KHAN, member of the Hasanid or eastern branch of the Qarakhanid family, ruler in Transoxania during the early 5th/11th century (d. 425/1034).

  • ALIZADEH, Ghazaleh

    Ḥasan Mirʿābedini

    According to her mother’s biographical account, Alizadeh was a sensitive child, who often exhibited signs of depression and sought solace in her imagination. Upon witnessing the slaughter of a sacrificial sheep on a religious occasion when still a child, she became a staunch vegetarian.

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  • ʿALLĀF

    Cross-Reference

    See ABU’L-HOḎAYL.

  • ALLĀH-QOLĪ KHAN ĪLḴĀNĪ

    A. Amanat

    Qajar notable (ca. 1236-1309/1820-1892).

  • ALLAHABAD

    Z. A. Desai

    Major city and headquarters of a district of the same name in Uttar Pradesh, India at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers.

  • ALLĀHDĪĀ ČEŠTĪ

    G. Sarwar

    Mughal author of Sīar al-aqṭāb, a biography of the masters of the Ṣāberī Češtī Sufi order (17th century).

  • ALLĀHO AKBAR, KŪH-E

    E. Ehlers

    a mountain range that forms part of the northern rim of the Khorasan trench in northeastern Iran, to the north of the city of Qūčān.  

  • ALLĀHVERDĪ KHAN (1)

    R. M. Savory

    (d.1022/1613), a Georgian ḡolām who rose to high office in the Safavid state. 

  • ALLĀHVERDĪ KHAN (2)

    C. Fleischer

    (d. 1072/1662), son of Ḵosrow Khan (d. 1063/1653), a Safavid ḡolām of Armenian origin.

  • ALLĀHYĀR KHAN

    Cross-Reference

    See ĀFĪ, ALLĀHYĀR KHAN.

  • ALLĀHYĀR KHAN ABDĀLĪ

    J. R. Perry

    a chieftain of the important Afghan tribe of the Abdālī (later known as the Dorrānī).

  • ALLĀHYĀR KHAN ĀṢAF-AL-DAWLA

    Cross-Reference

    See ĀṢAF-AL-DAWLA.

  • ALLĀHYĀR KHAN QELĪČĪ

    A. Amanat

    (b. ca. 1150/1735-36), khan of the Qelīča, a minor Turkish tribe in northern Khorasan, and ruler of Sabzevār at the turn of the 19th century.