Table of Contents

  • ABU’L-WAFĀʾ ḴᵛĀRAZMĪ

    H. Landolt

    Famous Sufi of Kobrawī affiliation, esoterist, scholar, poet, and musician (d. 835/1431-32).

  • ABU’L-WAFĀʾ ŠĪRĀZĪ

    H. Algar

    Sufi of Shiraz, morīd of the well-known preacher, mystic and writer, Shah Dāʿī Elā Allāh Šīrāzī (fl. 10th/16th century).

  • ABU’L-WAZIR MARVAZĪ

    L. A. Giffen

    Secretary and author (d. 186/802).

  • ABU’L-YANBAḠĪ

    Y. Richard

    Iranian poet (d. 230/844).

  • ABYĀNA

    E. Yarshater

    From a number of lingering old customs and practices it appears that the total conversion of Abyāna from Zoroastrianism to Islam took place relatively late. The inhabitants exhibit with pride an awareness of the ancient customs of the village.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • ABYĀNAʾĪ

    E. Yarshater

    Dialect spoken in the village of Abyāna, one of a number of closely similar dialects spoken in the villages of Kāšān and its neighboring districts, all belonging to the Central Dialects of Iran (or Southern Median).

  • ĀBYĀR

    E. Ehlers

    Title of the person given official charge of the irrigation of ābī “irrigated” lands.

  • ĀBYĀRĪ

    B. Spooner

    Persian term meaning "irrigation." Although dry farming is important in Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, and Khorasan, as well as some other districts, a large proportion of Iran’s agriculture has always depended upon irrigation. This article concentrates on the preindustrial forms that not only have been important in the evolution of Iranian culture and civilization but have constituted an important Iranian contribution to the development of water management systems in other parts of the world.

  • ABZARĪ, ḴᵛĀJA ʿAMĪD-AL-DĪN

    A. E. Khairallah

    Poet and the vizier of the Salghurid Atabeg of Fārs Saʿd b. Zangī (594-623/1197-1226).

  • ABZŌN

    M. F. Kanga

    Middle Persian term meaning “prosperity, increase” in Zoroastrianism.

  • Ab~ CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    Cross-Reference

    list of all the figure and plate images in the Ab entries