Table of Contents

  • ABU’L-MAʿṢŪM MĪRZĀ

    D. Duda

    Safavid painter, portraitist, draftsman, engraver, and expert in artistic bookbinding and restoring who was extolled by the historian Qāżī Aḥmad (16th century).

  • ABU’L-MAṮAL BOḴĀRĪ

    J. W. Clinton

    (or BOḴĀRĀʾĪ), a poet of the Samanid court.

  • ABU’L-MOʾAYYAD BALḴĪ

    G. Lazard

    An early Persian poet and writer of the Samanid period, whose works have almost entirely disappeared.

  • ABU’L-MOẒAFFAR ḴᵛĀFĪ

    H. Halm

    Shafeʿite jurist and traditionist (d. in Ṭūs in 500/1106) . He was one of the most important students of Emām-al-ḥaramayn Jovaynī.

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM ʿABDALLĀH KĀŠĀNĪ

    P. P. Soucek

    Historian of the reign of the Il-khan Olǰāytū and member of the Abū Ṭāher family of potters (14th century). 

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM ʿALĪ B. ḤASAN

    C. E. Bosworth

    Vizier to the atabeg of Lorestān Šams-al-dawla Ḡāzī Beg Aydoḡmuš (7th/13th century).

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM ʿALĪ B. MOḤAMMAD

    R. W. Bulliet

    A wealthy dehqān from Sabzavār who was prominent as a founder of madrasas in the second decade of the 5th/11th century.

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM EBRĀHĪM SOLṬĀN

    EIr

    The only son of Kāmrān Mīrza, brother and rival of the Mughal emperor Homāyūn (r. 937-47, 962-63/1530-40, 1555-56).

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM ESḤĀQ SAMARQANDI

    W. Madelung

    Hanafite scholar, Sufi, and judge (qāżī) of Samarqand (9th-10th centuries).

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM HĀRŪN

    K. A. Luther

    Vizier of Atabeg Ozbek b. Moḥammad b. Eldagōz, ruler of Azerbaijan, 607-22/1210-25.

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM KAʿBĪ

    J. van Ess

    Administrator and intellectual of Persian descent, Hanafite jurist and foremost representative of the Moʿtazela in Khorasan (d. Šaʿbān, 319/February, 931).

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM KERMĀNĪ

    D. Pingree

    Author of a Ketāb fī oṣūl al-aḥkām (“Book concerning the foundations of astrological judgments”).

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM KHAN EBRĀHĪMĪ

    D. MacEoin

    Fourth head of the Kermānī branch of the Šayḵī school of Shiʿism (19th-20th centuries).

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM KŪFĪ

    L. Giffen

    Scholar of philosophy, theology, and other disciplines who was at first an Emāmī Shiʿite but later embraced a form of extreme Shiʿism (d. near Šīrāz, 352/962).

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM MOḤAMMAD ASLAM

    S. Moinul Haq

    (pen name MONʿEMĪ), 18th-century historian of Kashmir.

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM NĀʾĪNĪ

    L. Richter-Bernburg

    Major representative (practitioner, instructor, author) of traditional medicine in late Qajar Persia (1245-1322/1829-30 to 1904-05).

  • ABU’L-QĀSEM SAʿĪD

    D. Duda

    callgrapher named in the colophon of a Koran manuscript written in early nasḵī script. In the colophon the scribe calls himself the son or grandson of a pupil of Jawharī. That famous Arab lexicographer (originally from Turkestan) after extensive travels, settled in Nīšāpūr to teach, copy books, and pursue a literary career.

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  • ABU’L-QĀSEM SOLṬĀN

    M. H. Pathan

    Bēglār chief of Sind, b. at Nasarpur, Sind, in 969/1562.

  • ABU’L-RAYḤĀN BĪRŪNĪ

    Cross-Reference

    Scholar and polymath of the period of the late Samanids and early Ghaznavids and one of the two greatest intellectual figures of his time in the eastern lands of the Muslim world (362/973-after 442/1050). See BĪRŪNĪ, ABU’L-RAYḤĀN.

  • ABU’L-RAYYĀN EṢFAHĀNĪ

    C. Cahen

    Buyid vizier (10th century).