HERODOTUS (Gk.Hēródotos), author of theHistories, the first monumental Greek work in prose which is still extant (5th cent. B.C.E.). Information on his life is very late, primarily derived from two articles in the Suda, a Byzantine lexicon. According to this source Herodotus was born in Halicarnassus and emigrated in 444 to Thurii in southern Italy, where he died. Whether he was in Athens during the 440s giving some lectures and whether he had a close relationship to this town and to the circle around Pericles has been debated in recent scholarship.
Originally Published: December 15, 2003
Last Updated: March 22, 2012
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Vol. XII, Fasc. 3, pp. 254-288