BOḴT-ARDAŠĪR (Mid. Pers. Bōxt-Artaxšīr/Ardašīr), name of a town (rōstāg) that, according to the Kār-nāmag ī Ardašīr ī Pābagān, Ardašīr I founded as an expression of his gratitude to God after he reached the sea during his flight from the court of the last Parthian king, Ardawān. He also ordered Wahrām fires established on the coast (ed. Sanjana, 4.8, p. 23 ll. 3ff.; ed. B. T. Anklesaria, 5.10, p. 33 ll. 2ff.).
The word boḵt-Ardašīr “saved by Ardašīr” belongs to a well-known category of compounds used as personal names, compare Boḵt-Yazd, Boḵt-Šāpūr, Boḵt-Ḵosrow (see Pahlavi Texts, p. 103.12; cf. Justi, Namenbuch, p. 72), and seems to be an imitation of Christian practice (cf. Boḵt-Yešūʿ “saved by Jesus;” see Th. Nöldeke, “Geschichte des Artachšīr i Pâpakân,” Beiträge zur Kunde der Indogermanischen Sprachen 4, 1878, pp. 46, 49).
(Jes P. Asmussen)
Originally Published: December 15, 1989
Last Updated: December 15, 1989
This article is available in print.
Vol. IV, Fasc. 3, pp. 332-333