BARQĀNĪ, ABŪ BAKR AḤMAD B. MOḤAMMAD B. AḤMAD B. ḠĀLEB (b. 336/948, d. 425/1034), a traditionist (moḥaddeṯ),philologist, and lawyer of the Shafeʿite school, highly praised for his industry, erudition, and reliability. Born at Barqān in Ḵᵛārazm, he commenced his studies in his homeland and then left to pursue them in Baghdad. After an absence on a study tour which took him to Jorjān (Gorgān), Esfarāʾīn, Nīšāpūr, Herāt, and Marv, he returned to Baghdad, and he did further study in Damascus and Cairo; but he chose Baghdad for his permanent abode and taught there until his death. Noteworthy among his many teachers were Moḥammad b. Aḥmad Abū ʿAlī b. al-Ṣawwāf (d. 359/970), Moḥammad b. Jaʿfar b. al-Hayṯam Bondār (d. 360/970), ʿAlī b. ʿOmar Abu’l-Ḥasan Dāraqoṭnī (d. 385/995) in Baghdad, Aḥmad b. Ebrāhīm Abū Bakr Esmāʿīlī (d. 371/981) in Jorjān, Moḥammad b. Aḥmad Abū ʿAmr Ḥīrī (d. ca. 376/987) in Nīšāpūr. His most illustrious pupil was Aḥmad b. ʿAlī Abū Bakr Kaṭīb Baḡdādī (d. 463/1071), the author of the Taʾrīḵ Baḡdād.His best-known literary work is a mosnad in which he has combined the Ṣaḥīḥsof Boḵārī and Moslem (Sezgin, GAS I, p. 229). He also made collections of traditions transmitted by Sofyān Ṯawrī (d. 161/778) and others.
Brockelmann, GAL, S. I, p. 259.
Moḥammad Ḏahabī, Taḏkerat al-ḥoffāẓ,3rd ed., Hyderabad, 1376/1957, III, pp. 1074-76.
Idem, al-ʿEbar fī ḵabar man ḡabar III, Kuwait, 1961, pp. 156-57.
Ebn al-Jaw`ī, al-Montaẓam VIII,pp. 79-80.
Ḵalīl b. Aybak Ṣafadī, al-Wāfī be’l-wafayāt VII,ed. E. ʿAbbās, Wiesbaden, 1969, p. 331.
Samʿānī, ed. Yamānī, II, pp. 168-69.
Sobkī, Ṭabaqāt,2nd ed., IV, pp. 47-48.
Taʾrīḵ Baḡdād IV, pp.373-76.
Zereklī, Aʿlām2 I, p. 205. Kaḥḥāla, II, p. 74.
Originally Published: December 15, 1988
Last Updated: December 15, 1988
This article is available in print.
Vol. III, Fasc. 8, p. 821