BĀMDĀD-E ROWŠAN, a Persian journal of news and political comment published in Tehran from 16 Rabīʿ I 1339/1 February 1915 until 2 Ramażān 1341/19 April 1924. The journal was edited by the poet and reformer Mīrzā Moḥammad-ʿAlī Khan Ḵorāsānī, later Bāmdād (1885-1951; Ṣadr Hāšemī, Jarāʾed o majallāt II, pp. 5-6). Mīrzā Moḥammad, a Constitutional movement activist and political agitator in Khorasan, Tehran, and Maḥāl(l)-e Baḵtīārī, who later changed his family name to Bāmdād, survived a death sentence to become a member of the sixth session of the Majles and one of the founders of the Ḥezb-e Īrān (Bāmdād, Rejāl III, pp. 420-22). The editorship of the journal was entrusted to Āqā Mīrzā Ḥosayn Qazvīnī in 1301 Š./1922 (ibid., p. 6). Bāmdād-e rowšan championed the cause of Islamic unity and an independent Iran, and was suppressed in 1919 for, among other reasons, its opposition to the foreign policy of Prime Minister Mīrzā Ḥasan Woṯūq-al-Dawla. During World War I, it favored Germany and Turkey. Bāmdād-e rowšan was a four-page, five-column paper measuring 43 x 59 cm; a yearly subscription cost fifty qerāns in Tehran, fifty-five elsewhere in Iran, and eighty abroad. Series of Bāmdād-e rowšan are kept in major libraries of Iran and the Cambridge University Library.
Bibliography : M. Bāmdād, Adab čīst wa adīb kīst?, Tehran, 1343 Š./1964. U. Sims-Williams, Union Catalogue of Persian Serials and Newspapers in British Libraries, London, 1985, p. 20. M. Solṭānī, Fehrest-e rūz-nāmahā-ye fārsī dar majmūʿa-ye Ketāb-ḵāna-ye Markazī wa Markaz-e Asnād e Dānešgāh-e Tehrān I, Tehran, 1354 Š./1975, p. 28. Fehrest-e rūz-nāmahā-ye mawjūd dar Ketāb-ḵāna-ye Mellī-e Īrān, Tehran, 2536 = 1356 Š./1977, p. 55. R. Mach and R. D. McChesney, A List of Persian Serials in the Princeton University Library, Princeton, 1971.
Originally Published: December 15, 1988
Last Updated: December 15, 1988