BADAḴŠĪ SAMARQANDĪ, the poet laureate (malek-al-šoʿarāʾ) of the Timurid Mīrzā Uluḡ Beg (murdered 853/1449). Dawlatšāh Samarqandī, Ḵᵛāndamīr, and Āḏar Bīgdelī all say that he was the foremost poet at Samarqand and that Uluḡ Beg and the courtiers held him in high esteem, particularly admiring his odes (qaṣīdas), but none of them gives his personal name or the date of his death. He may, however, be identical with Mawlānā Moḥammad Badaḵšī, whom Ḵᵛāndamīr (IV, p. 347) mentions as an associate of Mīr ʿAlī-Šīr Navāʾī (d. 906/1500) for thirty years and as an expert and author of books on riddle composition. Since Mīr ʿAlī Šīr Navāʾī spent several years in Transoxiana (Ṣafā, Adabīyāt IV, p. 283) before his move to Herat in 862/1457, it seems quite likely that his associate for thirty years was Badaḵšī, the malek-al-šoʿarāʾ.
See also Ḵᵛāndamīr, Ḥabīb al-sīar (Tehran) IV, p. 38.
Dawlatšāh, ed. Browne, p. 420.
Āḏar, Ātaškada, Bombay, 1277/1860-61, p. 320.
Mīr ʿAlī-Šīr Navāʾī, Majāles al-nafāʾes, pp. 19, 193, Ḵayyāmpūr, Soḵanvarān, p. 79.
Originally Published: December 15, 1988
Last Updated: August 19, 2011
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