AMRĀNLŪ, a small Turkic tribe which has settled down in the village of Galūgāh, 27 km east of Behšahr (Ašraf), in Māzandarān. According to J. M. Jouannin, in the early 1800s it comprised at most 4,000 individuals (see his list of tribes in A. Dupré, Voyage en Perse, Paris, 1819, II, p. 462). According to H. L. Rabino, in 1913 the tribe comprised 6,000 families and had nine tīras (clans): Malek Maḥmūdī, Maḥmūd Jānī, Esḥāqlū, Gallasārī, Seyyedāmlū, Ḵaddāmlī, Māǰerlī, Amīr Ḵānlī, and Īspendīārlī (“A Journey in Mazanderan from Rasht to Sari,” Geographical Journal 42, July-December, 1913, p. 454). In 1950, Galūgāh had 535 inhabitants, who spoke Persian and Māzandarānī (Razmārā, Farhang III, p. 259).
See also H. L. Rabino, Māzandarān and Astarābād, Cambridge, 1928.
Kayhān, Joḡrāfīā II, p. 284.
Originally Published: December 15, 1989
Last Updated: August 3, 2011
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Vol. I, Fasc. 9, pp. 995-996